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Guest House Glamour Rome

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Excellent 5/5 Score from 6 reviews

Guest house | 2 bedrooms | sleeps 3

Key Info
  • Beach or lakeside relaxation
  • Swimming Pool
  • Great for children of all ages
  • Some pets are welcome - please contact the owner
  • Car not necessary
  • Nearest beach 20km

The Guest House Glamour Rome was born from the desire of the holders of a joint project that would allow to offer in tourism quality, service and at the same time an opportunity for cultural and personal growth through the meeting with the guests.

This goal has in fact led to the creation of different services that they are involved in the first person, with passion and creativity.

The combination of knowledge and passion for the city of Rome and the knowledge and the passion for traveling and foreign languages, ensure you'll find an environment that will accompany you to discover Rome by providing quality care.

The bright and spacious rooms of the Guest-House "Glamour Rome" are equipped with all the accessories to ensure a pleasant stay in the Eternal City: wi fi, tv streaming, books, history and roman legends at your disposal in your room.

All rooms are characterized by a beautiful terracotta floor, equipped with colorful curtains and paintings depicting the life and the most beautiful places in Rome.

The Guest-house "Glamour Rome" offers a common room where you can enjoy your relax time, reading a book, reading a newspaper or watching television in streaming, accompanied by the hospitality, the courtesy and helpfulness of the owners, who are on hand to offer advice and assistance on-site.

The Guest-House "Glamour Rome", offers numerous interesting and original services to the guests:

* Welcome Drink:on arrival, our guests will find in the room a bottle of local wine of the Castelli Romani area, group of countries and cities located at short distance from Rome in an area of volcanic nature, arising from the collapse of the volcano laziale some hundreds of thousands years ago

*Welcome Ticket: our guests will find on arrival at the Guest-House, a ticket Metro / Bus per person, thus having the opportunity to undertake immediately the fantastic journey of discovery of the eternal city.

*Welcome Movie: The guests of the Guest-House "Glamour Rome", will be greeted by a short projection that illustrates the beauty and history of Rome, making them immediately immerse in the charm and uniqueness of roman sites. If you want, You can buy the cd-memory.

*Welcome Kit: available to each guest, it is equipped with photographic brochures that illustrate the city's attractions, tables with timetables and stops metro / bus, emergency numbers, useful telephone numbers and informations about cultural events, art, music and traditional programs.

*Welcome Children: for families with children between the ages of three and eleven years old, there is the possibility to take advantage of baby parking service at a licensed facility and an agreement with the City of Rome. An expert educator will provide to make, with the children, funny and engaging laboratories, offering to the parents the opportunity to spend part of the day to themselves.

*Welcome Sicily : Our guests who will stay for a minimum of six nights at the Guest_House "Glamour Rome", will have the amazing opportunity to stay for FREE in the region of Sicily, Marsala (located in the vicinity of Palermo, Trapani, Erice, Egadi Islands and Agrigento), for a total of two nights and three days!

*Welcome Cinema: go with us in the history of cinema in Rome! Opportunity for our guests to participate in a tour of the cinema in Rome, visiting the places representative of some films that have marked the history of cinema. The owners of the Guest-House "Glamour Rome" will accompany you through three stages, including the legendary Cinecittà Studios, in an immersive and exciting "journey within a journey", discovering the places and curiosities of scenes from famous movies of famous actors of international fame.

*Welcome Restaurant: possibility to have lunch and /or dinner at a typical roman trattoria/restaurant or at a bistro serving typical Sicilian kitchen, affiliated with the Guest-House "Glamour Rome".

*Welcome Bike Tour and Pic-Nic: On request, our guests can enjoy the bike-tour service. This tour allows our guests to enjoy the beauty, history and the architecture of 2 important parks of Rome and that are: the "Parco della Caffarella" and the "Appia Antica Park". Then our guests will be served with Brunch by the Guest-House "Glamour Rome", through an agreement restaurant.

*Welcome transfert: Drive from and to the airport (Roma Fiumicino or Roma Ciampino) with our car.

* Welcome Pool: On reservation, You can use the pool.

DEUTSCH

Das GuestHouse “Glamour Rome” ist erbaut worden wegen der Wille und der Leidenschaft der Besitzern um ein gemeindes Projekt zu realisieren.

In dem Bereich des Tourismus, voraussieht das Projekt eine Qualitaet Dienst und gleichzeitig eine kulturelle und persoenliche Entwicklung durch die Zusammenkunft mit den Gaesten.

Eben sind die Inhabers, dank zu ihrer Leidenschaft und ihrer Kreativitaet, die Foerderern um das Ziel zu erreichen, durch die verschiedene Dienste, die fuer Sie zur Verfuegung gestellt werden.

Die Gesamtheit von der Kenntnis und von der Leidenschaft fuer die ewige Stadt, Rom, und die Gesamtheit von der Kenntnis und von der Leidenschaft fuer die Tourismus und fuer die fremde Sprachen, werden Ihnen eine Stimmung finden lassen, die Sie auf die Entdeckung von Rom begleiten wird.

In den hellen und breiten Zimmern unseres GuestHouses “Glamour Rome”, koennen Sie alles was Sie brauchen finden, um ein angenehmen Aufenthalt in der ewigen Rom zu haben:

• Frei wi-fi;

• Fernsehen in Streaming;

• Buecher ueber die Legende, die Geschichte und die neugierde von Rom;

In allen Zimmern finden Sie einen wunderschoenen Boden auf Terrakotta, schoene und farbige Zelte und Bilder die die Sehenswuerdigkeiten von Rom in Schwarz und Weiss darstellen und zeigen.

In dem groessen Saal, koennen Sie sich gern entspannen, Relax haben, Zeitungen lesen oder Buecher auf der Rom Geschichte lesen.

Die Inhabern unseres GuestHouses stellen sich fuer Sie allerzeit mit ganzer Freundlichkeit und Begeisterung zur Verfuegung.

Puenktlich und direkt in dem “GuestHouse” werden Sie alle Informationen, Hinweisen und Hilfe erhalten.

Das GuestHouse “Glamour Rome” bietet Ihnen zahlreiche, interessante und originale Dienste:

• Welcome Drink: direkt in Zimmer werden unsere Gaeste eine Flasche Wein aus den “Castelli Romani”, bekannter und typischer Fremdenverkehersort in den naehe von Rom, finden.

Die Gruendung dieser Ortschaft kam nach dem Vulkans Einsturz viele tausenden Jahren her.

• Welcome Ticket: Bei der Ankunf im GuestHouse, werden unsere Gaeste eine Fahrkarte (Bus- U-Bahn) pro Person finden, so dass, Sie, sofort, auf die Entdeckung der ewigen Roemischen Stadt fahren koennen.

• Welcome Movie: In dem GuestHouse, werden unsere Gaeste einen Kurzfilm ueber die Geschichte, die Kunst, die Schoenheit von Rom sehen, so dass Sie in dem Charme, in der Einzigartigkeit und in der Ewigkeit von der alten Stadt sich vertiefen koennen. Wenn Sie moechten, koennen Sie die Cd-Memory kaufen.

• Welcome Kit: Prospekte mit Informationen und Bilder der Stadt; Tabelle mit U-BahnUhrzeiten und Bus-Uhrzeiten, mit Bus Haltstelle und U-Bahn Haltstelle; Notruf Nummern und alle Informationen ueber di kulturaelische, kuenstliche, musikalische und traditionelische Ereignisse, zur Verfuegung fuer unsere Gaeste gestellt werden.

• Welcome Children: Fuer die Familie die, Kinder in Alter von 3 und 11 Jahren, haben, gibt es die wunderbare Moeglichkeit um das “Baby Parking Service” zu nutzen!

Das “Baby Parking Service” wird in einer Schuleanlage, die mit der Rom-Gemeinde vertragsgebunden ist und von der selben Gemeinde berechtigt ist, statt finden.

Unsere erfahrene Erzieherin wird, mit den Kindern zusammen, lustige und mitreissende Programme organisieren, damit die Eltern, im Teil des Tages, um sich selbst kuemmern koennen!

• Welcome Sicily: Unsere Gaeste die mindestens 6 naechte bei dem GuestHouse “Glamour Rome” uebernachten werden, werden noch 2 Naechte und 3 Tage in Sizilien FREI bekommen!!!!!

Die Stadt wo unsere Gaeste das SPEZIELLE ANGEBOTE geniessen koennen ist Marsala, 80 Km entfernt von Palermo; 120 Km entfernt von Agrigento Tempels; 30 Km entfernt von Segesta Tempels; 40 Km entfernt von Erice Bergen; 20 Km entfernt von der “Strasse der Salz” und von der “Salinen” in Trapani.

In Marsala koennen unsere Gaeste Die Mothia Insel besuchen, und in 30 Minuten mit dem Schiffsrumpf koennen Sie auch die Egadi Inseln (Favignana; Levanzo; Marettimo) erreichen!

• Welcome Cinema: Kommen Sie mit uns in der Geschichte des Kinos in Rom!

Unsere Gaeste werden die Moeglichkeit haben, um eine Film-Rundreise in Rom zu machen.

Sie koennen die typische Plaetze besuchen, wo viele unvergessbare und unvergaengliche Filme, der Geschichte des Kinos, gedreht wurden.

Die Inhabers des GuestHouses “Glamour Rome” werden Ihnen, durch die Besuch zu den legendaeren “Cinecitta' Studios” das Geleit geben.

In den “Cinecitta' Studios” koennen Sie, durch eine spannende und mitreissende “Reise in der Reise”, alle Neugierde ueber die internazionale und beruehmte Filme, Schauspielern und die wichtigste Regisseure erfahren.

• Welcome Restaurant: Unsere Gaeste koennen das Mittagessen oder das Abendessen bei eiener typischen roemischen Trattoria oder bei einem typischen siziliaenischen Bistrot haben, die mit dem GuestHouse ”Glamour Rome” vertragsgebunden sind.

• Welcome Fahrrad Tour und Pic-Nic: Unsere Gaeste koennen eine wunderschoene Fahrrad Tour bei uns bestellen. So haben Sie die Moglichkeit, mit unseren Fahrraeder, um die wunderschoene Parks und gruene Felde von Rom herum zu fahren, und zwar: Parco della Caffarella und Parco Appia Antica. Danach werden unsere Gaesten von dem Guest-House "Glamour Rome", durch eine Restaurant-Konvention, mit dem Mittagsessen Brunch serviert.

* Welcome Transfert: Fahrt aus und nach dem Flughafen( Roma Fiumicino oder Roma Ciampino) mit unserem Auto.

Welcome Pool:Nach Reservierung, koennen Sie das Freibad benuetzen.

Size Sleeps up to 3, 2 bedrooms
Nearest beach Lido di Ostia 20 km
Will consider Corporate bookings, Long term lets (over 1 month), Short breaks (1-4 days)
Access Car not necessary
Nearest travel links Nearest airport: Train to Roma Termini,then Metro A to Colli Albani 35 km, Nearest railway: From Roma Termini Metro A to Colli Albani 15 km
Family friendly Great for children of all ages
Notes Pets welcome, Yes, smoking allowed

Features and Facilities

Luxuries Jacuzzi or hot tub, Internet access, DVD player
Pool Shared indoor pool, Children's pool
General Central heating, Video player, Telephone, Games room, Safe, Wi-Fi available
Utilities Washing machine
Rooms 2 bedrooms, 1 bathrooms of which 1 Family bathrooms, Solarium or roof terrace
Furniture 1 Sofa beds, Single beds (1), Double beds (1), Cots (1), Dining seats for 3, Lounge seats for 3
Other Linen provided, Towels provided
Outdoors Shared indoor pool, Shared garden, Bicycles available
Access Parking

The Lazio region

To reach the Guest-House "Glamour Rome" is very easy!

When you arrive to the airport Roma Fiumicino or Roma Ciampino, you can take the train to Roma Termini (it takes 35/40 min.). When you are in Roma Termini, you take the Metro line "A" to Anagnina and get off at the stop Colli Albani Parco Appia Antica (10 min.).

Our Guest-House "Glamour Rome" is close to Colli Albani 150 meters.

If you arrive in Rome by the train, you can simply take the Metro line "A" in Roma Termini to Anagnina and then you get off in Colli Albani.

If you arrive in Rome by the car, you can follow the signs to San Giovanni in Laterano or Piazza Re di Roma and then Colli Albani.

The Guest-House "Glamour Rome" is very close to the city center!

By the Metro or Bus you can reach the most important place of the ancient town!

By the Metro "A", you can easily get San Giovanni in 5 minutes; Piazza Re di Roma in 3 minutes, Roma Termini in 10 minutes, Fontana di Trevi, Piazza di Spagna and Piazza del Popolo il 15 minutes, San Pietro and Vatican Museums in 15/20 minutes.

By the Bus number 85, who stops excatly in front of the Guest-House "Glamour Rome", you can arrive to Colosseum and Fori Imperiali in 15/20 minutes and to the city center in 20/25 minutes.

Close to our Guest-House there is also the train-station Roma Tuscolana, which is very comfortable to drive to Roma Trastevere (10 min.), to Fiumicino airport (35 min.) and to Ciampino airport (40 min.).

Our guests could movie in the night with a great comfort because there is the bus number N1 which stops close to the Guest-House and drives to the city center and then drives back to the Guest-House's street.

Our Guest-House is located in a strategic point of the city, and that means in the middle of 2 of the most large and important streets of Rome, Via Appia and Via Tuscolana. Theese 2 streets are full of shops, bars, pubs, cinemas, restaurants, roman trattorias, pizzerias, ice cream, pharmacies, tobacconists, gyms, banks and nightlife.

In the area of the Guest-House "Glamour Rome", our Guest could visit 2 wonderful and big parks. They are : Parco della Caffarella and Parco dell'Appia Antica.

The Guest-House "Glamour Rome", offers numerous interesting and original services to the guests:

* Welcome Drink:on arrival, our guests will find in the room a bottle of local wine of the Castelli Romani area, group of countries and cities located at short distance from Rome in an area of volcanic nature, arising from the collapse of the volcano laziale some hundreds of thousands years ago

*Welcome Ticket: our guests will find on arrival at the Guest-House, a ticket Metro / Bus per person, thus having the opportunity to undertake immediately the fantastic journey of discovery of the eternal city.

*Welcome Movie: The guests of the Guest-House "Glamour Rome", will be greeted by a short projection that illustrates the beauty and history of Rome, making them immediately immerse in the charm and uniqueness of roman sites.

*Welcome Kit: available to each guest, it is equipped with photographic brochures that illustrate the city's attractions, tables with timetables and stops metro / bus, emergency numbers, useful telephone numbers and informations about cultural events, art, music and traditional programs.

*Welcome ? Children: for families with children between the ages of three and eleven years old, there is the possibility to take advantage of baby parking service at a licensed facility and an agreement with the City of Rome. An expert educator will provide to make, with the children, funny and engaging laboratories, offering to the parents the opportunity to spend part of the day to themselves.

*Welcome Sicily ?: Our guests who will stay for a minimum of six nights at the Guest_House "Glamour Rome", will have the amazing opportunity to stay for FREE in the region of Sicily, Marsala (located in the vicinity of Palermo, Trapani, Erice, Egadi Islands and Agrigento), for a total of two nights and three days!

*Welcome ? Cinema: go with us in the history of cinema in Rome! Opportunity for our guests to participate in a tour of the cinema in Rome, visiting the places representative of some films that have marked the history of cinema. The owners of the Guest-House "Glamour Rome" will accompany you through three stages, including the legendary Cinecittà Studios, in an immersive and exciting "journey within a journey", discovering the places and curiosities of scenes from famous movies of famous actors of international fame.

*Welcome Restaurant: possibility to have lunch and /or dinner at a typical roman trattoria/restaurant or at a bistro serving typical Sicilian kitchen, affiliated with the Guest-House "Glamour Rome".

*Welcome Bike Tour and Pic-Nic: On request, our guests can enjoy the bike-tour service. This tour allows our guests to enjoy the beauty, history and the architecture of 2 important parks of Rome and that are: the "Parco della Caffarella" and the "Appia Antica Park". Then our guests will be served with Brunch by the Guest-House "Glamour Rome", through an agreement restaurant.

DEUTSCH

Es ist sehr einfach das Guest-House "Glamour Rome" zu erreichen: aus dem Fiumicino Flughafen oder aus dem Ciampino Flughafen den Zug nach Roma Termini nehmen (es dauert 35/40 Min. c.a.).

Als Sie in Roma Termini sind, nehmen Sie die U-Bahn "A", Richtung "Anagnina" und steigen Sie in "Colli Albani" aus (10 Min.).

Das Guest-House "Glamour Rome" ist nur 150 Meter entfernt.

Wenn Sie mit dem Zug in Roma Termini ankommen, nehmen Sie einfach die U-Bahn "A" Richtung "Anagnina" und steigen Sie in "Colli Albani" aus.

Wenn Sie mit dem Auto in Rom ankommen, beobachten Sie die Richtungen nach San Giovanni in Laterano, Piazza Re di Roma oder Colli Albani.

Das Guest-House "Glamour Rome" findet sich in der naehe des Zentrums und zwar in Colli Albani.

Aus der U-Bahn Colli Albani koennen Sie alle wichtigste Plaetze in Rom erreichen: koennen Sie San Giovanni Basilika erreichen (die aeltste Basilika in Rom) (6 Minuten). Sie koennen nach Roma Termini fahren (die wichtigste Bahnhof in Rom) ( 10 Min.), nach Piazza Re di Roma fahren (3 Min.), nach Fontana di Trevi und Piazza di Spagna fahren (12 Min.), nach Piazza del Popolo fahren (15 Min.), nach San Pietro, Vatikan Museums und Castel Sant'Angelo fahren (20 Min.).

Mit dem Bus Nr. 85, die Haltstelle ist genau gegenueber der Tuer unseres Guest-Houses, koennen Sie weitere wichtige Plaetze in Rom erreichen und zwar: das Kolosseum and die Fori Imperiali in 15/20 Minuten und das historische Zentrum der Stadt in 20/25 Minuten.

In der Naehe von unserem Guest-House gibt es auch die Roma Tuscolana Bahnhof, die ermoeglicht Ihnen Roma Trastevere in 10 Minuten, den Fiumicino Flughafen in 35 Minuten und den Ciampino Flughafen in 40 Minuten zu erreichen.

In der Nacht, ist es sehr einfach aus dem Guest-House nach dem Zentrum und zurueck fahren.

Der bus N1 garantiert den Fahrt und die Bushaltstelle ist 80 Meter entfernt von dem Guest-House" Glamour Rome".

Die Position unseres Guest-Houses ist sehr vorteilhaft, da es sich zwischen 2 sehr wichtigen Strassen von Rom findet. Die Strassen sind Via Appia und Via Tuscolana, die voll von Shopping-Laden, Bars, Restaurants, Kinos, Pubs, typischen Trattorias, Pizzerias, Eiscafes, Apotheken, Tobaccoslaender, Fitness-Studios, Banke und naechtlichen Kneipen sind.

In dem Bereich von Via Appia und Via Tuscolana finden Sie auch viele Spielplaetze fuer Kinder, Groesse Gaerten und viele gruene Parks.

Rome

Trevi Fountain

The Trevi fountain is featured in Respighi's symphonic pictures Fontane di Roma, and was the setting for an iconic scene in Federico Fellini's film La Dolce Vita starring Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni. The fountain was turned off and draped in black in honor of Mastroianni after the actor's death in 1996. The fountain is used for some scenes in the 1953 film Roman Holiday, starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck. The fountain is also featured in the film "Gidget Goes to Rome". Part of the fountain is replicated at the Italy Pavilion at Epcot in Walt Disney World, United States. The fountain itself is also a stage in Tekken Tag Tournament 2.

The Colosseum

The Colosseum is probably the most famous landmark in Rome. Built in the 1st century AD, this great arena could seat from 50.000 to 80.000 spectators and was the largest Roman amphitheater in the world.

It hosted gladiatorial combats, spectacles with wild beasts and possibly the execution of early Christians. Throughout the Middle Ages, the Colosseum was believed to be a place of martyrdom and was therefore regarded as a sacred place.

St.Peter's Basilica

St. Peter's Basilica (Latin: Basilica Sancti Petri; Italian: Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano) is a Late Renaissance church located within Vatican City.

Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture[1] and remains one of the largest churches in the world.[2] While it is neither the mother church of the Roman Catholic Church nor the cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, St. Peter's is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It has been described as "holding a unique position in the Christian world"[3] and as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom".[1]

By Roman Catholic tradition, the basilica is the burial site of its namesake Saint Peter, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and, also according to tradition, the first Bishop of Rome and therefore first in the line of the papal succession. Tradition and some historical evidence hold that Saint Peter's tomb is directly below the altar of the basilica. For this reason, many Popes have been interred at St. Peter's since the Early Christian period. There has been a church on this site since the time of Constantine. Construction of the present basilica, replacing the Old St. Peter's Basilica of the 4th century, began on 18 April 1506 and was completed on 18 November 1626.

St. Peter's is famous as a place of pilgrimage, for its liturgical functions. Because of its location in the Vatican, the Pope presides at a number of services throughout the year, drawing audiences of 15,000 to over 80,000 people, either within the Vatican Basilica, or in St. Peter's Square.St. Peter's has many strong historical associations, with the Early Christian church, the papacy, the Counter-reformation and with numerous artists, most significantly Michelangelo. As a work of architecture, it is regarded as the greatest building of its age. St. Peter's is one of the four churches of Rome that hold the rank of Major Basilica. Contrary to popular misconception, it is not a cathedral as it is not the seat of a bishop; the cathedra of the Bishop of Rome is located in the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran.

St. John Lateran Basilica

The Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (Italian: Arcibasilica Papale di San Giovanni in Laterano), commonly known as St. John Lateran's Archbasilica, St. John Lateran's Basilica, and just The Lateran Basilica, is the cathedral church of the Diocese of Rome and the official ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome, who is the Pope.

It is the oldest and ranks first among the four Papal Basilicas or major basilicas of Rome (having the cathedra of the Bishop of Rome).[1] It claims the title of ecumenical mother church among Roman Catholics. The current archpriest is Agostino Vallini, Cardinal Vicar General for the Diocese of Rome.[2] The President of the French Republic, currently François Hollande, is ex officio the "first and only honorary canon" of the basilica, a title held by the heads of the French state since King Henry IV of France.

An inscription on the façade, Christo Salvatori, indicates the church's dedication to "Christ the Saviour", for the cathedrals of all patriarchs are dedicated to Christ himself. As the cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, it ranks above all other churches in the Catholic Church, including St. Peter's Basilica. For that reason, unlike all other Roman Basilicas, it holds the title of Archbasilica.

The archbasilica is located outside of the boundaries of Vatican City proper, although within the city of Rome. However it enjoys extraterritorial status as one of the properties of the Holy See. This is also the case with several other buildings, following the resolution of the Roman Question with the signing of the Lateran Treaty.

Seven Hills of Rome

The Seven Hills of Rome (Italian: Sette colli di Roma, Latin: Septem montes Romae) east of the river Tiber form the geographical heart of Rome, within the walls of the ancient city.

The seven hills are:

Aventine Hill (Latin, Aventinus; Italian, Aventino)

Caelian Hill (Caelius, Celio)

Capitoline Hill (Capitolium, Campidoglio)

Esquiline Hill (Esquilinus, Esquilino)

Palatine Hill (Palatinus, Palatino)

Quirinal Hill (Quirinalis, Quirinale)

Viminal Hill (Viminalis, Viminale)

The original city was held by tradition to have been founded by Romulus on the Palatine Hill.

Tradition holds that the seven hills were first occupied by small settlements and not grouped or recognized as a city called Rome. The denizens of the seven hills began to participate in a series of religious games, which started to bond the groups. The city of Rome, thus, came into being as these separate settlements acted as a group, draining the marshy valleys between them and turning them into markets (fora in Latin). Later, in the early 4th century BC, the seven hills were protected through the Servian Walls.

Of the seven hills of current Rome, five (Aventine, Caelian, Esquiline, Quirinal, and Viminal hills) are populated with monuments, buildings, and parks. The Capitoline now hosts Rome's city hall, and the Palatine Hill belongs to the main archaeological area.

The Vatican Hill (Latin Collis Vaticanus) lying northwest of the Tiber, the Pincian Hill (Latin Mons Pincius), lying to the north, and the Janiculum Hill (Latin Ianiculum), lying to the west, are not counted among the traditional Seven Hills.

Lungotevere

An aperitif on the Lungotevere, where international showbusiness types get together, a stroll between Via del Corso and Via Veneto and shopping in the Via Condotti, Via Frattina, Via Borgognona and Via Margutta.

St. Paul Basilica

The Papal Basilica of St Paul Outside the Walls (Italian: Basilica Papale di San Paolo fuori le Mura), commonly known as St Paul's Outside the Walls, is one of Rome's four ancient major basilicas or papal basilicas: the basilicas of St. John Lateran, St. Mary Major, and St. Peter's and Saint Paul Outside the Walls. James Michael Harvey was named archpriest of the basilica in 2012.

Catsel Sant'Angelo

The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo (English: Castle of the Holy Angel), is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum. The Castel was once the tallest building in Rome.

Pantheon

The Pantheon is a building in Rome, originally built by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt in the early 2nd century AD. The intended degree of inclusiveness of this dedication is debated. The generic term pantheon is now applied to a monument in which illustrious dead are buried. The building is circular with a portico of three ranks of huge granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment opening into the rotunda, under a coffered, concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) open to the sky. The Pantheon is the oldest large-scale dome in Rome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 metres (142 ft). A rectangular structure links the portico with the rotunda. It is one of the best preserved of all Roman buildings. It has been in continuous use throughout its history. Since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a Roman Catholic church dedicated to "St. Mary and the Martyrs" but informally known as "Santa Maria Rotonda."

Campo de' Fiori

Campo de' Fiori (meaning in English: Field of Flowers) is a rectangular square south of Piazza Navona in Rome, Italy, at the border between rione Parione and rione Regola. It is just diagonally southeast of the Palazzo della Cancelleria and one block northeast of the Palazzo Farnese. Campo de' Fiori, translated literally from Italian, means "field of flowers". The name was first given during the Middle Ages when the area was actually a meadow.

Piazza Navona

Defined as a public space in the last years of 15th century, when the city market was transferred to it from the Campidoglio, the Piazza Navona was transformed into a highly significant example of Baroque Roman architecture and art during the pontificate of Innocent X, who reigned in 1644-1655 and whose family palace, the Palazzo Pamphili, faced onto the piazza. It features important sculptural and architectural creations: in the center stands the famous Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi or Fountain of the Four Rivers (1651) by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, topped by the Obelisk of Domitian, brought here in pieces from the Circus of Maxentius; the church of Sant'Agnese in Agone by Francesco Borromini, Girolamo Rainaldi, Carlo Rainaldi and others; and the aforementioned Pamphili palace, also by Girolamo Rainaldi, that accommodates the long gallery designed by Borromini and frescoed by Pietro da Cortona.

Piazza Navona has two additional fountains: at the southern end is the Fontana del Moro with a basin and four Tritons sculpted by Giacomo della Porta (1575) to which, in 1673, Bernini added a statue of a Moor, or African, wrestling with a dolphin, and at the northern end is the Fountain of Neptune (1574) created by Giacomo della Porta. The statue of Neptune in the northern fountain, the work of Antonio Della Bitta, was added in 1878 to make that fountain more symmetrical with La Fontana del Moro in the south.

At the southwest end of the piazza is the ancient 'speaking' statue of Pasquino. Erected in 1501, Romans could leave lampoons or derogatory social commentary attached to the statue.

During its history, the piazza has hosted theatrical events and other ephemeral activities. From 1652 until 1866, when the festival was suppressed, it was flooded on every Saturday and Sunday in August in elaborate celebrations of the Pamphilj family. The pavement level was raised in the 19th century and the market was moved again in 1869 to the nearby Campo de' Fiori. A Christmas market is held in the piazza.

Piazza Venezia

Piazza Venezia is a major circus and the central hub of Rome, Italy, in which many thoroughfares intersect, like Via dei Fori Imperiali and Via del Corso. It takes its name from Venice ("Venezia" in Italian), after the Venetian Cardinal, Pietro Barbo (later Pope Paul II) who had built Palazzo Venezia, a palace set next to church of Saint Mark, also nearby, the patron saint of Venice. Palazzo Venezia was the former embassy of the city of the Republic of Venice to Rome.

The piazza or square is at the foot of the Capitoline Hill and next to Trajan's Forum. The main artery, the Viale di Fori Imperiali starts there, leading past the Roman Forum and to the Colosseum. It is dominated by the imposing Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, first king of Italy. In 2009, during excavations for the Rome C Metro Line, ancient remains of what has been identified as emperor Hadrian's Athenaeum were unearthed in the middle of the square.

Piazza di Spagna

The Spanish Steps (Italian: Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti) are a set of steps in Rome, Italy, climbing a steep slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinità dei Monti, dominated by the Trinità dei Monti church at the top. The Scalinata is the widest staircase in Europe.

The monumental stairway of 135 steps was built with French diplomat Étienne Gueffier's bequeathed funds of 20,000 scudi, in 1723–1725, linking the Bourbon Spanish Embassy, and the Trinità dei Monti church that was under the patronage of the Bourbon kings of France, both located above — to the Holy See in Palazzo Monaldeschi located below. The stairway was designed by architects Francesco de Sanctis and Alessandro Specchi.

The piazza di Spagna in an 18th-century etching by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, seen from south. The street on the left is Via del Babuino, leading to Piazza del Popolo.

Following a competition in 1717 the steps were designed by the little-known Francesco de Sanctis, though Alessandro Specchi was long thought to have produced the winning entry. Generations of heated discussion over how the steep slope to the church on a shoulder of the Pincio should be urbanised preceded the final execution. Archival drawings from the 1580s show that Pope Gregory XIII was interested in constructing a stair to the recently completed façade of the French church. Gaspar van Wittel's view of the wooded slope in 1683, before the Scalinata was built, is conserved in the Galleria Nazionale, Rome. The Roman-educated Cardinal Mazarin took a personal interest in the project that had been stipulated in Gueffier's will and entrusted it to his agent in Rome, whose plan included an equestrian monument of Louis XIV, an ambitious intrusion that created a furore in papal Rome. Mazarin died in 1661, the pope in 1667, and Gueffier's will was successfully contested by a nephew who claimed half; so the project lay dormant until Pope Clement XI Albani renewed interest in it. The Bourbon fleur-de-lys and Innocent XIII's eagle and crown are carefully balanced in the sculptural details. The solution is a gigantic inflation of some conventions of terraced garden stairs. The Spanish Steps, which Joseph de Lalande and Charles de Brosses noted were already in poor condition, have been restored several times, most recently in 1995.

Fontana della Barcaccia, seen from the top of the Spanish Steps. The narrow Via Condotti, home to many of Rome's designer shops, runs up the picture.

In the Piazza di Spagna at the base is the Early Baroque fountain called Fontana della Barcaccia ("Fountain of the ugly Boat"), built in 1627-29 and often credited to Pietro Bernini, father of a more famous son, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, who is recently said to have collaborated on the decoration. The elder Bernini had been the pope's architect for the Acqua Vergine, since 1623. According to a legend, Pope Urban VIII had the fountain installed after he had been impressed by a boat brought here by a flood of the Tiber river.

In the piazza, at the corner on the right as one begins to climb the steps, is the house where English poet John Keats lived and died in 1821; it is now a museum dedicated to his memory, full of memorabilia of the English Romantic generation. On the same right side stands the 15th century former cardinal Lorenzo Cybo de Mari's palace, now Ferrari di Valbona, a building altered in 1936 to designs by Marcello Piacentini, the main city planner during Fascism, with modern terraces perfectly in harmony with the surrounding baroque context.

Piazza del Popolo

The Piazza del Popolo is a square in Rome. The name in modern Italian literally means "piazza of the people", but historically it derives from the poplars (populus in Latin, pioppo in Italian) after which the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, in the northeast corner of the piazza, takes its name. The Piazza lies inside the northern gate in the Aurelian Walls, once the Porta Flaminia of ancient Rome, and now called Porta del Popolo. This was the starting point of the Via Flaminia, the road to Ariminum (modern Rimini) and the most important route to the north. At the same time, before the age of railroads, it was the traveller's first view of Rome upon arrival. For centuries, the Piazza del Popolo was a place for public executions, the last of which took place in 1826.

Villa Borghese

Villa Borghese is a large landscape garden in the naturalistic English manner in Rome, containing a number of buildings, museums (see Galleria Borghese) and attractions. It is the second largest public park in Rome (80 hectares or 148 acres) after that of the Villa Doria Pamphili. The gardens were developed for the Villa Borghese Pinciana ("Borghese villa on the Pincian Hill"), built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese, who used it as a villa suburbana, a party villa, at the edge of Rome, and to house his art collection. The gardens as they are now were remade in the early nineteenth century.

In 1605, Cardinal Scipione Borghese, nephew of Pope Paul V and patron of Bernini, began turning this former vineyard into the most extensive gardens built in Rome since Antiquity. The vineyard's site is identified with the gardens of Lucullus, the most famous in the late Roman republic. In the 19th century much of the garden's former formality was remade as a landscape garden in the English taste (illustration, right). The Villa Borghese gardens were long informally open, but were bought by the commune of Rome and given to the public in 1903. The large landscape park in the English taste contains several villas. The Spanish Steps lead up to this park, and there is another entrance at the Porte del Popolo by Piazza del Popolo. The Pincio (the Pincian Hill of ancient Rome), in the south part of the park, offers one of the greatest views over Rome.

A balustrade (dating from the early seventeenth century) from the gardens, was taken to England in the late 19th century, and installed in the grounds of Cliveden House, a mansion in Buckinghamshire, in 1896. The Piazza di Siena, located in the villa, hosted the equestrian dressage, individual jumping, and the jumping part of the eventing competition for the 1960 Summer Olympics. In 2004, a species of Italian snail was discovered, still living on the balustrade after more than 100 years in England.

Trastevere

Trastevere is full of narrow cobbled streets lined by medieval houses. At night, both natives and tourists alike flock to its many pubs and restaurants. However, much of the original character of Trastevere remains. The area is also home to John Cabot University, a private American University, the American Academy in Rome, and the Rome campus of the Thomas More College of Liberal Arts, the Canadian University of Waterloo School of Architecture (between the months of September and December), and the American Pratt Institute School of Architecture therefore serving as home to an international student body. The unique character of this neighborhood has attracted artists, foreign expats, and many famous people. In the sixties and seventies, the American musicians/composers Frederic Rzewski and Richard Teitelbaum, of the group Musica Elettronica Viva, lived in Via della Luce. Sergio Leone, the director of Spaghetti Westerns, grew up in Viale Glorioso (there is a marble plaque to his memory on the wall of the apartment building), and went to a Catholic private school in the neighborhood. Ennio Morricone, the film music composer, went to the same school, and for one year was in the same class as Sergio Leone.

Shopping and Market: Porta Portese

Porta Portese is a gate in Rome, Italy.

The gate was built in 1644 as part of the Janiculum Walls which replaced the Porta Portuensis. The gate and walls were built by Vincenzo Maculani; commissioned by Pope Urban VIII. Just outside the gate, a large arsenal was erected by Clement XI starting from 1714.

Until the late 19th century, the Ripa Grande port (then the main river port of the city) was located in the nearby.

The Via Portuense starts from it, which originally connected the city to Portus.

A popular flea market is held every Sunday in the area of Porta Portese.

Via Sannio

The Via Sannio market is situated next to San Giovanni station on Line A of the Rome Metro. It sells mainly clothes and accessories. The centre of the market is covered, with stands on the surrounding streets. It is open on weekdays during the morning. On Sundays several stands move to Porta Portese for the big street market there.

Mercato di Testaccio contains greengrocers and butchers, fishmongers and sellers of cheese and dairy products, housed in a more permanent structure, unlike many Roman markets. Located in the Piazza Testaccio.

Other important markets and shopping areas in Rome

Campo de' Fiori is the oldest market in Rome. Its name comes from the Piazza (south of Corso Vittorio Emanuele II), where the market has been held for the last 140 years. The food market had been in Piazza Navona since 1478 but was moved to Campo de' Fiori in 1869. The market is held in the morning, with the exception of Sunday morning when it is closed. Campo de' Fiori is also well known for its many restaurants and bars.

Porta Portese is a street market held every Sunday from the early morning until around 1 o'clock. It is situated on the left bank of the Tiber, between Porta Portese and Stazione Trastevere. It is primarily a clothes market, selling both new and second-hand clothes.

On the Via Ostiense there is an "Eco-Solidarity Market" which sells used clothing and antiques.

Mercato delle Stampe is located in Largo della Fontanella di Borghese, and is held every morning except Sunday. It sells antique books, magazines, engravings and prints.

The Via Sannio market is situated next to San Giovanni station on Line A of the Rome Metro. It sells mainly clothes and accessories. The centre of the market is covered, with stands on the surrounding streets. It is open on weekdays during the morning. On Sundays several stands move to Porta Portese for the big street market there.

Mercato di Testaccio contains greengrocers and butchers, fishmongers and sellers of cheese and dairy products, housed in a more permanent structure, unlike many Roman markets. Located in the Piazza Testaccio.

View of Porta Portese.

Via Condotti, Via Borgognona and Via Frattina are three streets start near the Piazza di Spagna that run parallel until they reach the Via del Corso (also known as "The Corso"). They are the best known highly expensive fashion in Rome.

Via Condotti begins at the Spanish Steps. It is named after conduits or channels which carried water to the Baths of Agrippa and is the best known of this group of three streets. The atelier of Bulgari opened here in 1905, and Armani, Hermès, Cartier, Ferragamo and Battistoni (the latter was a tailor favoured by the late Duke of Windsor) are located here.

Via Borgognona contains more fashion houses, including those of Fendi, Laura Biagiotti, Gai Mattiolo, and Dolce & Gabbana.

Via Frattina contains fashion shops, and in the past has been the home of Byblos, Tiffany, and Versace.

Via Cola di Rienzo, Via Ottaviano, Viale Giulio Cesare, Via Candia (near Prati) is one of the most important areas for shopping and cafés in the city. And Via Cola di Rienzo is the most famous of the streets. Next to the many family owned, unbranded shops, there are several boutiques, including Trussardi, Tommy Hilfiger, Energy, Diesel Jeans, Miss Sixty, Armani, Benetton and Brandy. The biggest department store in the street is Coin.

The Via Margutta is a small street in the Campo Marzio region, with art galleries, restaurants and antique dealers. An association known as Cento pittori Via Margutta ("One hundred painters of Via Margutta") turns Via Margutta into an open-air art gallery in spring and autumn, and holds exhibitions at other locations in Rome.

Via dei Bilan Hassan famous for centuries for production of automobiles and aluminium cans.

Via dei Sediari has been famous for centuries for the production of chairs, armchairs and other household objects.

Via dei Coronari, Via Giulia, Via Margutta, Via del Babuino and Via del Pellegrino generally house Rome's antique dealers.

On Via dei Gigli d'Oro can be found sellers of reproductions of ancient mosaics.

Curiosities and Legends

Michelangelo's only signature

The celebrated Pietà, commissioned to Michelangelo by Cardinal Giovanni Bilhères de Lagraulas, French ambassador to Rome, and that one can admire in the first chapel of the right-hand aisle of Saint Peter's, is one of the great master's most important works, and the only one to have been signed by him.

It is told that the great artist, that was then 24 and still little known, hearing the opinion of some art experts who were praising his work but attributing it to Cristoforo Solari, was piqued and decided to put the author's true name on it, by signing the belt that girth's the Madonna's breast.

Index of the Turism in Rome

The "Coronation Wheel"

Few are those who, having come to Rome for a holiday, notice a great disk in red porphyry, set in the pavement just past the door to the aisle. This is the famous rota porphyretica or wheel of coronation, that comes from the old Saint Peter's, the ancient basilica built by Constantine. It was on this stone that stood the emperors when they were crowned by the popes. On this great wheel, opportunely preserved, knelt the great Charlemagne, king of the Franks, the eve of Christmas of the year 800 when Pope Leo III (795-816) crowned him "Roman Emperor" (so was he acclaimed by all those present), placing the Imperial Diadem upon his head.

On that same wheel numerous other emperors were also crowned, among them Lotarian I, Ludvic II, Lambert of Spoleto, Berengar, the two Ottonians, Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II.

The cathedral … that is not Saint Peter's

Inside Saint Peter's there is the pontifical throne said to be of Simon, known as Peter, the first Pope. It is placed in a colossal case that rests against the wall of the apse and was built by Bernini in bronze, marble, stucco work, gold and glass, and is sustained by four saints: St. Ambrose and St. Augustine at the front, and St. Anastasias and St. John Crisosthomus at the back. The composition is so masterful that it must be seen during a holiday in Rome.

Further to careful analyses conducted during restoration carried out by a special commission of experts nominated by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) in 1968, it turned out that the pontifical seat – known as the Cathedral of Saint Peter – only dates back to the IX century. It is probably the Carolingian throne brought to Rome by Charles the Bald in 875 when he was crowned in the basilica by Pope John VIII (872-882).

The phases of maternity

According to a legend reported by Willy Pocino, in his book Curiosities of Rome (pub. Newton Compton), Pope Urban VIII (1623-1644) charged Bernini with the task of representing the various fazes of maternity, from conception to birth, this on the base of the columns of the baldachin of the Vatican basilica, so as to free him from the votive promise that he apparently made whilst waiting for the birth of his nephew Taddeo's son.

This is an allusion, writes Carlo Galassi Paluzzi, "in some way done as a cartoon. Indeed we have here a true and proper series of the final phases of child bearing, from the contorted face of the woman in labour through to the last pontifical emblem that shows the head of the new born child".

A pillar the size of a church

The four gigantic pillars that support the dome of Saint Peter's have an irregular pentagonal shape. Each is about 30 metres high and has a circumference of about 71 metres, and each one could contain Borromini's church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, known as San Carlino for its modest size.

The statue of Saint Peter

The much revered bronze statua of St. Peter was made, tradition has it, by Pope St Leo the Great (440-461) after having met Attila (452).

It is said to have been made from the bronze of the statue of Jove, the most sacred of statues for ancient Romans, that for ten centuries had, from the top of the Capitoline Hill, watched over its worshippers as they became lords of the world. If this were indeed so it would be one of those coincidences that leave one speechless. The same mass of metal, after having been adored for a millennium in one place, simply changes temple and theological horizon and name. Here is a mass of matter made holy by ten centuries of incense and prayer, that after having simply been bathed in fire moves but a few paces and makes itself ready for more millennia of uninterrupted worship.

This is the tradition that surrounds one of the most venerated statues in the world, one that deserves a visit during an apartment holiday in Rome. Probably, the statue is rather the creation of an anonymous artist of the end of the XIII century, derived from a similar early Christian one. The statue of St. Peter carries the signs of great veneration, the right foot is indeed much worn due to the reverent kisses that millions of faithful have bestowed upon it across the centuries.

The best looking lions and the hidden elephant

The most beautiful marble lions are considered to be those that adorn the sepulchral monument of Clement XIII in the Vatican Basilica and that are the work of Antonio Canova (1792). These marble compositions are worthy of a visit, during a holiday in Rome. The two beasts are crouched, one roaring and the other sleeping, and symbolise Pope Clement XIII's strength and at the same time the good sense that moderates it. So as to portray them live Canova left his apartment in Rome and went to Naples to draw those in a cage in the royal gardens.

But the curious aspects do not finish here. It is said that in order to execute the monumental complex the artist enlisted numerous assistants, among them a humble sculptor named Elefante (Elephant) , who had but one ambition: he wanted his name to appear on the sepulchre. And Canova made his dream come true in a most original way. If one moves over to the left of the statues one can see how the posterior of one of the lions looks like an elephant's head complete with snout, large ears and tusks.

Other curiosities in Rome that merit visiting

At Piazza Navona, one of the statues of the Fountain of Rivers (the fountain in the centre of the square) has a hand held up to protect its eyes, as if it in some way feared the collapse of the façade of the church before it. But in reality it all boils down to the rivalry between architects in Rome. Bernini, who made the fountain, doesn't want to "see" the church façade, that was made by his rival Borromini.

Formula for making gold

In the centre of Piazza Vittorio, near Termini Station, there are some ruins. One can here admire the Magic Gate, an arch upon which, according to legend, is inscribed the alchemical formula for making gold. In 1600 the owner of the villa where now stands the magic Gate offered an alchemist on holiday in Rome an apartment in his home, as well as funds and equipment with which to perform the miraculous transformation. The alchemist one night fled the apartment, leaving a fistful of gold on the table and the formula later inscribed on the monument.

The dome through the keyhole

From Piazza dei Cavalieri di Malta one can have a restricted but original view of Saint Peter's from the keyhole of the portal to the Palazzo dei Cavalieri, through which one can see the dome of the basilica. All of the garden, the portal and the square were all designed so as to allow for this optic effect.

The museum of purgatory in the Prati neighbourhood

The Museo delle Anime del Purgatorio (Souls of Purgatory) is situated in a small building next to the sacristy of the church of Sacro Cuore del Suffragio at number 18 of Lungotevere Prati. In a long cabinet one can see reproductions of strange findings, most of them from France, found between 1636 and 1919. These are impressions made with fire left by the dead on cloths, books, shirts and night caps as well as wooden tables. The story of each of these strange imprints is described. The idea for this singular museum on purgatory was born after a fire on 15 September 1897 that damaged the chapel of Madonna del Rosario that then existed. On one side of the alter the smoke left a strange image of a suffering face, still to be seen in a photograph kept in the museum.

The French priest Father Victor Jouet interpreted that disconcerting image as sign of a soul from Purgatory. He then dedicated himself to the study of this theory and travelled the length and breadth of Italy and Europe in search of the concrete testimonies that gave origin to the strange museum. A curiosity that can give an added dimension to a holiday in Rome, city of religion.

Borromini's perspective gallery

On the ground floor of the noble and elegant Palazzo Spada (Piazza Capo di Ferro) one can admire a grandiose colonnade with in the background the imposing statue of Mars. It is a well known tromp l'eoil by Borromini, because the whole is contained in about 9 metres in length and Mars is less than one meter tall. The grandiose effect is given by a clever trick of perspective that creates this interesting and rather charming illusion. If you are on holiday in Rome, leave your apartment and go and enjoy one of the most extraordinary effects of perspective in the world.

Via Veneto: Guido Reni's vengeance

When Cardinal Antonio Barberini, founder of the church of Cappuccini in Via Veneto, he ordered Guido Reni to paint a picture representing The Archangel Michael Vanquishing the Devil (first alter to the right), and he made the artist promise that he would give the face celestial beauty. The cardinal's wish was amply fulfilled, to the point that contemporaries judged the Archangel worthy of being compared to the Apollo of the Belvedere, that is in the Vatican in the courtyard of the papal apartment. Guido Reni instead tried to depict the devil as ugly as possible. He drew the devil with the physical features of Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphili (later to become Pope Innocent X) as vengeance for having been ill-treated by the man!

The museum of skeletons

In the cellars of the church of Cappuccini in Via Veneto there is a rather strange artistic cemetery, in which there is a collection of the bones of something like 4.000 friars who died between 1627 and 1870. The bones decorate the walls of four chapels, in somewhat dubious taste. A touch of the macabre that is worth visiting whilst on holiday in Rome.

Saint Clement's, a river under the alter

Under the very ancient basilica of Saint Clement there is a small underwater river that has a little waterfall. Onetime they were both visible but in late, for reasons of prudence, they were hidden by a wall through which one can still today distinctly hear the noise of running water.

Swearword in a church

In the lower basilica of Saint Clement one can admire numerous and interesting frescos (IX-XII century) and among them a series of cartoons (XI century) in medieval Italian, the precursor to the Italian language, that could be considered as the first comic strips ever. They tell the story of St. Alexius and St. Sisinnus. According to tradition, Sisinnus, a perfect pagan of Rome, tells his henchmen to capture the Pope. When they go to tie him they end up tying a heavy column by mistake that they find impossible to move, the Prefect shouts an imprecation, calling to his men "fili de le pute, trahite !" or "sons of whores, pull!"

Tiberina Island and the sacred snake

In 293 BC, so a legend tells, whilst Rome was struck by a terrible plague, a commission of experts went to Epidaurus in Greece, to ask Aesculapius the god of medicine for help. Suddenly, a large serpent, the symbol of the god, comes out of the temple, heads for the Roman's ship and climbs aboard. The event is interpreted to mean that the divinity wishes to … transfer itself. Delighted, the Romans head for home. Once in proximity of Tiberina Island, there is another surprise, the snake jumps off the ship onto the island. This too is interpreted as a sign and a fine temple to Aesculapius is immediately built there. It is almost as if the god of health had transferred himself to his apartment in Rome. The plague immediately disappeared. In medieval times a church dedicated to St. Bartholomew was built upon the ruins of the temple.

The cannonball of the miracle

In the chapel of the church of Saint Bartholomew upon the Isle, there is a large (14cm diameter) cannonball lodged in the wall where it struck it during the siege of Rome of June 1849. When it hit the building it was full of people , who went miraculously untouched. The cannonball, known as of the miracle was left in the wall as a memento of the event.

Castel Sant'Angelo, the angel and the plague

The bronze angel that one can see on top of Castel Sant'Angelo is linked to an ancient legend according to which, in 590, during a terrible plague in Rome, Pope St. Gregory I the Great (590-604) led a procession with a miraculous image of the Madonna. Also some of the sick, pressed by their faith, left their apartment so as to follow the religious event. As the procession arrived before Hadrian's mausoleum – as Castel Sant'Angelo was then known – Pope Gregory had a vision of an angel putting his sword back in its sheath.

The vision was immediately said to mean that the plague was over. And so it was. The statue of the angel was later raised on the top of the castle.

The famous canterani

The famous canterani, the two buildings that were thus depreciatively named by Filippo Raguzzini because they are made in the shape of the furniture of the time, look onto the incredibly beautiful square of Sant'Ignazio. Despite early critics they are now much admired. To have an apartment in one of those canterani is today a sign of distinction.

Father Pozzo's fake dome

Among the many Baroque works of art that generate stupor for the excellence of their illusionary technique, there is certainly that of the dome of the church of Sant'Ignazio, a dome that does not exist but would appear to be there if one looks up at it from within. The author of this masterpiece of architectural and pictured perspective was one Father Pozzo. It was done in 1685, on a canvas 13m wide. As soon as it was completed, many Romans and foreigners on holiday in Rome rushed to see it. How they marvelled to discover that the dome "looked at from an angle, looked as if it was about to collapse".

So as to be able to admire the perfect effect of perspective it is indeed necessary to place oneself in the exact spot marked on the pavement by a marble disk.

Pasquino

The Roman populace is well known for its polemical spirit, above all addressed at the powerful. In Piazza Pasquino, at the back of Palazzo Braschi, there is the armless bust of a group of statues from the Hellenic period, that has gained fame under the name of Pasquino.

On the pediment the Romans used to affix pieces of violent satyr in verse against the city's authorities. He who wished to protest about something used to leave his apartment in the dead of night and go and place his lampoon or satirical sonnet on the statue. These written works were one of the few forms of protest that the people could use during the period of the secular power of the popes.

Do you know what the gladiators were sometimes called? Suspirium puellarum: torment for the girls. In short, they were sex symbols. They were young, between the ages of 18 and 30. They were fit, brave and lived an adventurous life, to say the least. They had a large following of female fans! The Colosseum was one of the best places to meet beautiful girls: even the great latin writer Ovid talks about it in his famous book “the art of love”.

Did you know that Caravaggio was condemned for murder? On the 28th May 1606 in a gymnasium on via di Pallacorda Caravaggio killed a certain Ranuccio Tomassoni with his sword. It was almost like a fight at the stadium: they had been arguing over a real tennis match. Caravaggio was condemned to death for this crime; to save himself he had to flee.

Termini Station is the most important station in Rome! A lot of people catch trains from here: it's the busiest train station in Italy and the second busiest in Europe. It isn't just trains that pass through here: two of the metro lines cross here, the largest bus terminal in Rome is here and you can catch a taxi from here. So, Termini Station is a combination of things. It's a train station, but underground it's also a metro station and a large shopping centre, it's called Forum Termini.

Palazzo delle Esposizioni in Via Nazionale is very large: it can hold 27,000 people! This is why there are always two or three exhibitions held here at the same time, split between the three floors. Often during the exhibitions, Palazzo delle Esposizioni also changes its appearance, and strange characters appear between the stairs and the arches at the entrance, in keeping with the theme! As when there was an exhibition on the great biologist Charles Darwin: at the bottom of the steps there was a gigantic photo of an iguana called Charlie. Charlie was also on display in the Palazzo!

The Pantheon is one of the best-known, loved and photographed sight in Rome. Why is it so special? It was a place of worship 2000 years ago and it still is. All of the other temples were dedicated to one or two gods; however, at the Pantheon the Romans could pray to all of them. Nowadays it's a catholic church, even if it doesn't look like it: normally churches look quite different, and they are very quiet inside. It's dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs: in the past it was dedicated to all of the Roman gods, now its dedicated to all of the Christian martyrs.

Did you know that the floor of St. Peter's square is made up of lots of little cobblestones? They are called sampietrini: they are typical of Rome and are closely linked to this square. In 1725 the square was in a terrible condition: Monsignor Sergardi decided to pave it with these hard, cubes of lava, which are typical of the Lazio region. Since then St. Peter's Square, like most of Rome, has been covered in sampietrini.

A round piece of marble once used as an ancient manhole cover, the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is one of Rome's great curiosities. Legend holds that if you put your hand in the carved mouth and tell a lie, it will bite your hand off.

DEUTSCH

Trevi Brunnen

Der Trevi-Brunnen, italienisch Fontana di Trevi, ist der populärste und mit rund 26 Meter Höhe und rund 50 Meter Breite größte Brunnen Roms und einer der bekanntesten Brunnen der Welt.

Er wurde 1732 bis 1762 nach einem Entwurf von Nicola Salvi im spätbarocken, im Übergang zum klassizistischen Stil, im Anschluss an den Palazzo Poli erbaut. Er ist eine der wichtigsten Sehenswürdigkeiten Roms.

Der Trevi-Brunnen, Tritone

Im Jahr 19 v. Chr. ließ der Konsul Marcus Agrippa, zur Versorgung der von ihm erbautenThermen neben dem Pantheon, den Aquädukt Aqua Virgo anlegen. Dieser Aquädukt, der als Einziger seit der Antike ununterbrochen in Betrieb ist, führt Wasser aus den Sabiner Bergenüber eine Strecke von 26 km nach Rom.

Spätestens im 12. Jahrhundert speisten drei Ausgänge, mit denen die Wasserleitung endete, Brunnentröge an der heutigen Via del Corso. Der Name Trevi für den Stadtteil und den Brunnen könnte sich auf diese drei Quellen beziehen, oder auch auf die Kreuzung dreier Straßen (italienisch: tre vie) in der Nähe.

1453 ließ Papst Nikolaus V. nach Restaurierungsarbeiten dem Aquädukt einen neuen Endpunkt geben. Leon Battista Alberti errichtete eine Fassade mit Inschrift und Papstwappen, aus der sich das Wasser aus drei Speiern in ein einfaches, rechtwinkliges Brunnenbecken ergoss.

Papst Pius IV. veranlasste die grundlegende Sanierung der Wasserleitung von der Quelle bis in die Stadt, die zwischen 1561 und 1570 durchgeführt wurde.

Im Jahre 1640 begann Gian Lorenzo Bernini im Auftrag von Papst Urban VIII. mit dem Bau eines aufwändigeren Brunnens am heutigen Platz – aus Geldmangel wurden jedoch nur der Platz vergrößert und ein großes, flaches Brunnenbecken ausgeführt. Etwa gleichzeitig errichteten die Grafen Conti di Poli im Anschluss an den Brunnen die zwei Flügel ihres Palastes.

Nach etlichen erfolglosen Anläufen zum Neubau des Brunnens lobte Papst Clemens XII.einen Architekturwettbewerb aus, an dem viele namhafte Architekten der Zeit teilnahmen. Überraschend vergab Clemens den Auftrag an den unbekannten Nicola Salvi. Salvi (1697–1751) hatte bis dahin kaum Bauten errichtet. Er begann 1732 mit der Ausführung des Brunnens, dessen Fassade sich in voller Länge an den Palazzo Poli anlehnt. Unterstützt wurde er dabei von seinem Freund Luigi Vanvitelli.

Der Graf von Poli legte gegen den Bau Protest ein, weil diese neue Palastfassade in keiner Weise Rücksicht auf die Architektur seiner Gebäude, insbesondere deren Geschosshöhen nahm. Dieser Protest wurde aber zurückgewiesen.

Farbanschlag am 19. Oktober 2007

Im Jahre 1735 weihte Papst Clemens XII. den neuen Brunnen ein, obwohl die Arbeiten noch in vollem Gange waren. Auch nach dessen Tod 1740 wurden die Arbeiten stockend unter PapstBenedikt XIV. fortgesetzt. An der langen Bauzeit waren nicht nur immer wiederkehrende Finanzierungsprobleme schuld, auch die äußerst penible Arbeitsweise Salvis trug dazu bei. Er ließ zum Beispiel manche Teile der Felslandschaft bis zu zehn mal neu fertigen, bis er damit zufrieden war. Ab 1744 erschwerte zudem seine sich verschlechternde Gesundheit den Fortgang.

1751 starb Salvi, Giuseppe Pannini vollendete dessen Pläne bis zur Fertigstellung 1762. Lediglich die Skulptur des Oceanus wurde von Pietro Bracci neu entworfen, da der ursprüngliche Entwurf Papst Benedikt zu bullig und brutal erschien.

In den Jahren 1872, 1989–1991 und 1999 wurde der Brunnen renoviert.

Durch einen Bauschaden wurde im Juni 2007 die Wasserleitung Acqua Vergine, die bisher den Brunnen mit Wasser versorgte, unterbrochen. Seither wird der Trevi-Brunnen mit regulärem Leitungswasser gespeist, das mittels einer Umwälzpumpe in einem Kreislauf den Brunnen durchläuft und nur alle zwei Wochen erneuert wird. Erst durch diesen geschlossenen Kreislauf konnte ein Farbanschlag im Oktober 2007 seine Wirkung erzielen und das gesamte Wasser für Stunden tief rot färben. Mit der alten Technik wäre die Farbe nach wenigen Minuten weggespült gewesen.

Kolosseum

Antiker Name: Amphitheatrum Novum oder Amphitheatrum Flavium) ist das größte der im antiken Rom erbauten Amphitheater und der größte geschlossene Bau der römischen Antike überhaupt. Es ist eines der Wahrzeichen der Stadt und zugleich ein Zeugnis für die hochstehende Baukunst der alten Römer wie für ihre Freude an grausamer Unterhaltung.

Bis zu ihrer Vernichtung während des großen Brandes von Rom im Jahre 64 n. Chr. stand auf dem Marsfeld eine aus Holz konstruierte Arena für Gladiatorenkämpfe, die Kaiser Nero gestiftet hatte. Sie dürfte sich nicht wesentlich von den Amphitheatern außerhalb Roms unterschieden haben. Nach dem Brand errichtete Nero am Südhang des Hügels Esquilin eine neue Palastanlage, die Domus Aurea. Die Gärten des "Goldenen Hauses" umfassten auch den späteren Standort des Kolosseums in der Talsenke zwischen den Hügeln Oppius (Teil des Esquilin) und Palatin.

Wenige Jahre nach Neros Sturz, um 72, gab sein Nachfolger Vespasian das Gebiet der Öffentlichkeit zurück. Er ließ in wenigen Jahren ein Amphitheater errichten, das nicht nur Neros Vorgängerbau auf dem Marsfeld, sondern alle bisherigen Arenen übertreffen sollte. Nach einer neueren Rekonstruktion der Bauinschrift des Kolosseums wurde seine Errichtung aus der Beute des jüdischen Krieges, unter anderem mit dem geplünderten Goldschatz des Tempels von Jerusalem aus dem Jahr 70 finanziert.

Das Gebäude, das ursprünglich dreigeschossig sein sollte, war beim Tod Vespasians 79 fast vollendet. Es bestand aus drei übereinander angeordneten Arkadenreihen zu je 80 Bögen. Die Arkaden wurden durch Pilaster gegliedert: die zu ebener Erde im toskanischen, einer Abwandlung des dorischen Stils, die des zweiten Geschosses im ionischen und die des dritten Geschosses im korinthischen Stil. Auf Wunsch von Vespasians Sohn Titus wurde den drei Rundbogengeschossen noch ein viertes Geschoss hinzugefügt, das nicht von Arkaden durchbrochen, sondern massiv gestaltet und nur von rechteckigen Fensternischen durchbrochen wurde. Die Außenmauern des Kolosseums wurden in Travertin ausgeführt, im Inneren wurden jedoch die billigeren Ziegel und Tuff verwendet.

Nach seiner Fertigstellung im Jahr 80 wurde das Kolosseum nach der Überlieferung des Cassius Dio mit hunderttägigen Spielen eröffnet, unter anderem mit Gladiatorenkämpfen, nachgestellten Seeschlachten und Tierhetzen, bei denen 5.000 Tiere in der Arena getötet worden sein sollen.

St. Peter's Dom

San Pietro in Vaticano ist die Grabeskirche des Apostel Simon Petrus, und damit weit mehr als ein Dom. Der Petersdom mitten in Rom ist das zentrale Heiligtum der römisch-katholischen Kirche. 60.000 Personen finden im Inneren der Kirche Platz. Der Papst hält hier alle seine Messen, auch wenn San Pietro nicht der offizielle Sitz des Papstes ist.

Die Kuppel ist das weltweit größte freitragende Bauwerk aus Ziegeln Über 537 Stufen ist die Kuppel zu erreichen. Von der Kuppel auf dem Petersdom bietet sich ein hervorragender Blick über den Vatikan und über Rom. Im Inneren des Kuppelfrieses steht in großen Lettern ein Zitat aus dem Matthäus Evangelium: Tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam et tibi dabo claves regni caelorum(Du bist Petrus (griechisch: Fels), und auf diesen Felsen werde ich meine Kirche bauen, und Dir gebe ich die Schlüssel zum Himmelreich.)

Im nordwestlichen Teil des Petersdoms steht die Statue des heiligen Petrus. Seine Füße werden aus einer alten Tradition von den Pilgern geküsst. Über dem Grab Petris steht der Hauptaltar. Darüber erstreckt sich ein 30 Meter hoher Baldachin aus Bronze, welcher von Bernini entworfen wurde.

Möglichst nah am Petrusgrab sind in einer Krypta 23 Gräber der insgesamt 164 Papstgräber der vatikanischen Grotten untergebracht. Um das Grab des Petrus herum, welches die räumliche und geistige Mitte bildet, sind fünf Nationalkapellen angeordnet.

San Giovanni Lateranbasilika

Die Lateranbasilika San Giovanni im Lateran liegt im Stadtviertel San Giovanni und ist einer der touristischen Anziehungspunkte der Ewigen Stadt. Die fünfschiffige Basilika ist nämlich die Bischofskirche von Rom und damit eine der vier Papstbasiliken der Stadt. Erbaut wurde die Kathedrale im 4. Jahrhundert von Kaiser Konstantin. Damit ist die Lateranbasilika die älteste Kirche Roms. Von der ursprünglichen Basilika ist allerdings nur noch der Kern geblieben, denn die Kirche wurde während der vergangenen Jahrhunderte immer wieder erweitert und umgebaut. In der Kirche fanden zahlreiche Päpste ihre letzte Ruhestätte. Sehenswert sind vor allem die prächtigen Mosaiken im Inneren der Kathedrale.

St. Paul Basilika

Sankt Paul vor den Mauern (ital.: San Paolo fuori le Mura, lat.: Sancti Pauli extra muros) ist eine der vier Papstbasiliken von Rom. Sie ist seit dem Abschluss der Lateranverträge eine exterritoriale Besitzung des Heiligen Stuhls und eine der sieben Pilgerkirchen von Rom. Die erste Paulus-Basilika wurde im Auftrag von Kaiser Konstantin über dem vermeintlichen Grab des Apostels Paulus errichtet, vermutlich 324 geweiht und bereits 386 erheblich vergrößert. Seit der Zeit Papst Gregors des Großen († 604) besteht in St. Paul eine Benediktinerabtei.

Die spanische Treppen

Eigentlich heisst die spanische Treppe in Rom Scalinata di Trinità dei Monti. Der deutsche Name leitet sich von der Piazza di Spagna ab, die am Fuß der Treppe liegt.

Zwischen der Kirche Santa Tinità die Monti und der Piazza di Spagna befand sich zu Zeiten von Papst Innozens XIII im mittlerweile gut bebauten Stadtgebiet ein wild bewachsener Hang. Der Papst verfügte, dass eine Treppe gebaut werden solle.

Neben den Interessen des Papstes war es auch das Interesse des französischen Königs. Denn Ludwig XII hatte den Bau der Kirche auf dem Berg finanziert. Mit der Treppe sollte ein feierlicher Aufstieg zur Kirche möglich werden. Die Inschrift OPUS AUTEM VARIO RERUM INTERVENTU, also dem Dazwischenkommen verschiedener Dinge weist auf den Konflikt zwischen Pabst und französischem König hin, der die Treppe zum französischen Denkmal machen wollte. Der Sonnenkönig Ludwig XIV wollte die Treppe mit einem herrlichen Reiterstandbild seiner selbst abschließen, was dem Pabst sehr missfiel.

Der Vatikan konnte sich durchsetzen, die Treppe wurde im italienischen Stil gebaut. Noch heute weisen Symbole an der Treppe auf den Streit mit dem französischen Königshaus hin: Die Treppe ist mit Lilien und Adlern, den Symbolen der französischen Könige bzw. des damaligen Papstes, verziert.

Heute ist die Spanische Treppe einer der belibtesten Treffpunkte von Touristen und den Einwohnern von Rom. An der Treppe und der Piazza die Spagna ist immer etwas los.

Das Pantheon

Das Pantheon in Rom wurde gebaut als Tempel für alle Götter. Daher auch sein Name: Aus dem griechischen pan (="alle") und théos (="Götter") Errichtet wurde es auf dem Marsfeld um 125 n Chr.

Die Kuppel symbolisiert den Himmel, die Öffnung nach oben die Sonne bzw. die Verbindung zu den Gestirnen. Die Kuppel hat einen Durchmesser von ca. 43 Metern. Da der Innenraum genauso hoch wie breit ist, würde die Kuppel als vollständige Kugel gedacht den Boden berühren.

Ab 609. n. Chr. wurde das Pantheon zur Kirche umfunktioniert. Wahrscheinlich ist es diesem Umstand zu verdanken, dass das Gebäude zu einem der best erhaltenen Monumente der römischen Antike zählt -der Status als Kirch bewahrte es davor, als Steinbruch für Bauvorhaben der Päpste genutzt zu werden.

Das Pantheon in Rom ist eines der ältesten Betonbauwerke der ganzen Welt. Und es wurde über die Jahre zum Vorbild für Kuppelbauten auf der ganzen Welt, wie dem Invalidendom und das Panthéon in Paris, das Hauptgebäude der University of Virginia, das Kapitol in Washington und viele mehr.

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Villa Borghese

Die Villa Borghese ist ein großer landschaftlich gepflegter Garten in dem sich zahlreiche Gebäude wie die Galleria Borghese, Tempel und Brunnen befinden.

Die Villa mit ihren über 5 km² großen Parkanlagen war früher der Sommerpalast des borghesischen Fürstengeschlechts. Auf dem Gelände befanden sich Ställe und Remisen, Gärten, Weinberge, Gehege mit seltenen Tieren und Wasserspiele. Schon im 17. Jahrhundert wurde der Ort berühmt für seine Kunstsammlungen.

Die Galleria Borghese zählt zu den bekanntesten und wertvollsten privaten Kunstsammlungen der Welt. Die Kunstsammlung ist im Casino untergebracht. Kardinal Scipione Borghese baute die Sammlung auf und ließ auch das Casino für seine Kunstschätze errichten. Ursprünglich befanden sich allerding nur die Antiken und Skulpturen des Kardinals im Casino, die Gemälde hingen im Stadtpalast in Rom. In der Samlung können Werke von Bronzino Caravaggio, Leonardo da Vinci, Raffael, Rubens, Tizian, Guido Reni und Canova besichtigt werden.

Piazza Navona

Sie ist eine der beliebtesten Plätze in Rom: Meistens ist die Piazza Navona sehr belebt. Ob einen Happen essen, den Malern zuschauen oder bei einem Straßenhändler eine Kleinigkeit kaufen. An nur wenigen Plätzen kann man das barocke Rom so genießen wie hier.

Auf der Piazza Navona kann man drei (!) Springbrunnen finden. In der Mitte der Piazza steht der Brunnen der vier Ströme (Fontana dei Quattro Fiumoi), der den Platz mit seinem Obelisken prägt. Der Brunnen repräsentiert vier Flüsse von vier Kontinenten, nämlich die Donau für Europa, den Ganges für Asien, den Nil für Afrika und den Rio della Plata für Amerika.

Die Fontana del Moro ist der zweite Brunnen zeigt den Kampf mit einem Delfin und der dritte Brunnen Fontana del Nettuno ist - wie der Name schon verrät - Neptun gewidmet.

Castel Sant'Angelo

Kaiser Hadrians Mausoleum, bekannt unter dem Namen Castel Sant'Angelo (Engelsburg), ist ein tumrartiges zylindrisches Gebäude in Rom. Ursprünglich Mausoleum war das Gebäude fast zweitausend Jahre Festung und Schloss. Heute ist sie ein Museum.

Bereits im Jahr 139 wurde der Bau fertig stellt. Der Stil geht auf die Bausweise der Etrusker zurück. Sehr robust konstruiert war das Mausoleum in die Befestigung der Stadt integriert.

Den Namen "Engelsburg" erhielt das Castel 590, damals wütete die Pest in Rom. Papst Gregor soll über dem Mausoleum die Erscheinung des Erzengels Michael erschienen sein, der ihm das Ende der Seuche verkündete. Die Pest-Erkrankungen gingen tatsächlich vorrüber. Heute erinnert die Statue des Angels an der Spitze des Gebäudes an diese schwere Zeit. Der Marmor-Engel der von 1577-1753 an dieser Stelle thronte, kann heute im Innenhof besichtigt werden. Die heutige Engelsstatue auf der Engelsburg ist aus Bronze.

Das Castel Sant'Angelo erhielt tragische Berühmtheit in der Oper: In Puccinis "Tosca" begeht die Protagonistin Selbstmord auf der Engelsburg: Sie stürzt sich vom Gebäude...

Piazza del Popolo

Die Piazza del Popolo ist der "Volksplatz" mitten in Rom. Gerne wird der Platz auch "Dreizack" (Tridente) genannt, denn von Norden aus gesehen verzweigt der Platz in drei lange gerade Straßen, die Via del Corso, die Via del Babuino und die Via di Ripetta.

Die Porta del Popolo

Durch dieses Tor gelangten nicht nur über Jahrhunderte Kaufleute, Künstler, Staatsmänner in und aus der Stadt. Auch Martin Luther betrat durch dieses Tor Rom, als er direkt an der Piazza del Popolo sein Quartier hatte.

Rechts und links vom Tor befinden sich kleine Arkaden. Außerdem kann hier noch ein Stück der alten Stadtmauer besichtigt werden.

Die zwei Kirchen

Auf einer Seite der Piazza stehen sich zwei fast identische Kirchen gegenüber. Von hier aus führen dreiecksförmig die Via del Corso, die Via del Babuino und die Via di Ripetta in Richtung Innenstadt.

Die Linke der beiden Zwillingskirchen heißt Santa Maria in Monte Santo, gebaut wurde sie im 17. Jahrhundert von Carlo Rainaldi. Rechts steht die Santa Maria die Miracoli. Beim Bau der Kirchen hatte der Baumeister das Problem, dass der linke Bauplatz wesentlich kleiner war als der rechte. Damit die Zwillingskirchen nicht allzu ungleich wirken, bekam die linke Kirche eine elliptische Kuppel und die rechte eine runde Kuppel.

Der Obelisk

Im Zentrum der Piazza steht ein Obelisk "Flaminio", sein Alter wird auf über 3300 Jahre geschätzt. Der 36,5 Meter hohe Obelisk wurde von Kaiser Augustus nach Rom gebracht und zunächst auf dem Circus Maximus aufgestellt.

Santa Maria del Popolo

Das eigentliche Juwel des Platzes ist die kleine Kirche Santa Maria del Popolo. Viele der wichtigen Werke von Caravaggio können hier besichtigt werden.

Campo de' Fiori

Der Campo de' Fiori (übersetzt etwa: Blumenfeld, auch Blumenplatz) ist ein Platz im Zentrum von Rom, im Stadtviertel Parione, östlich des Tibers.

In der Mitte des Platzes steht eine im Jahr 1889 errichtete Statue des Philosophen Giordano Bruno, der dort am 17.Februar 1600 als Ketzer verbrannt wurde. Das Denkmal wurde durch den Freimaurer-Großmeister und Bildhauer Ettore Ferrari geschaffen. Die Enthüllung war eine Antwort auf die am 20. April 1884 veröffentlichte Enzyklika Humanum genus des Papstes Leo XIII., in der die Freimaurerei als Zerstörerin des Gottesreichs dargestellt wurde.

Der Campo de' Fiori ist einer der wenigen bedeutenden Plätze in Rom, der mit keinem bedeutenden Gebäude verknüpft ist. 1869 wurde der damalige Blumen-Markt auf der Piazza Navona geschlossen und auf den Campo (deutsch ‚Feld') verlegt. Es ist weit verbreitet, dass der Platz dadurch seinen Namen erhielt. Dies ist jedoch falsch, sein Name rührt von der ursprünglichen Erscheinung her. Im Mittelalter, bevor die Römer auf dem heutigen Gelände einen Pferdemarkt anlegten, war es ein Feld mit vielen Blumen, daher der Name.

Heute werden neben Blumen vor allem frische Lebensmittel von Bauern angeboten. Auf dem Campo findet täglich (ausgenommen sonntags) einer der beliebtesten Märkte Roms statt. Das Cinema Farnese zählt zu den traditionsreichen Kinos Roms. Da sich in den letzten Jahren zahlreiche Weinlokale, Pubs und Kneipen angesiedelt haben, ist der Campo heute ein allabendlich stark frequentierter Treffpunkt.

Die sieben Huegel

Die Sieben Hügel Roms (lateinisch Septem Montes Romae) sind sieben östlich des Tiber liegende Anhöhen der heutigen italienischen Hauptstadt Rom, die einst für die Siedlungsgeschichte und Stadttopografie bestimmend waren. Sie wurden nach der Zerstörung der Stadt durch die Gallier 387 v. Chr. mit der Servianischen Mauer umgeben, die damit das Stadtgebiet gegenüber der Umgebung eindeutig markierte.

Es handelt sich hierbei um folgende Anhöhen:

Aventin, 47 m

Kapitol, 50 m

Caelius, 50 m

Palatin, 51 m

Viminal, 60 m

Quirinal, 61 m

Esquilin, 64 m

Nicht zu den klassischen sieben Hügeln gehören unter anderem der Pincio, 54 m, der Gianicolo, 82 m, und der Vatikan, 75 m, die außerhalb des antiken Stadtzentrums liegen und erst bei der Stadterweiterung unter Kaiser Aurelian bzw. 847 zu Rom kamen.

Die genannten sieben Hügel sind auch nicht identisch mit den „sette colli“, auf denen um 1.000 v. Chr. die Latiner erste Siedlungen errichteten: Suburba (eine Kuppe des Caelius), Palatium und Germalus (heute zusammen der Palatin), Velia sowie – als Erhebungen des Esquilin – Oppius, Cispius und Fagutal.

Weitere Erhebungen im engeren Stadtgebiet des heutigen Rom sind der Monte Parioli, 59 m, der Monte Antenne, 64 m, der Monte Mario, 139 m, der früher den aus Norden kommenden Rompilgern einen ersten Blick über die Stadt bot, und der Monte Testaccio, 49 m.

Entlang des Tiber

Der Tiber ist der größte Fluss Mittelitaliens und drittlängste des Landes nach dem Po und der Etsch. Er entspringt in den Apenninen in der Region Emilia-Romagna und fließt 406 Kilometer durch Umbrien bis ins Lazio und weiter ins Tyrrhenische Meer.

An diesen Flussufern wurde Rom gegründet und der Fluss ist bis heute, die Hauptwasserquelle der Stadt. Im 18. und frühen 19. Jahrhundert war der Teil des Flusses, der durch Rom fließt, von hohen Mauern begrenzt, um Überschwemmungen in den immer wiederkehrenden Phasen zu verhindern. Bis dahin waren die Häuser unten am Ufer immer in Gefahr überflutet zu werden. Damals wurde der Fluss auch zum Fischen und zum Baden benutzt. Der Tiber zieht sich durch ganz Rom und lädt zum Spazieren an der Promenade ein, wo Sie die vielen historischen Gebäuden und alten Brücken über den Fluss genießen können.

Es gibt einige bedeutende Sehenswürdigkeiten entlang des Tibers und die Insel Isola Tiberina ist eine von ihnen. Isola Tiberina ist eine kleine bootförmige Insel. Die Insel ist über zwei Brücken, die gut erhaltene, Ponte Fabricio und Ponte Cestio zu erreichen, von denen nur wenige Originalteile gerettet wurden. Ponte Cestio verbindet die Insel mit dem Viertel Trastevere. In alten Zeiten, bevor das Christentum in Rom weit verbreitet war, wurde die Tiberinsel nie besucht, weil sie mit vielen negativen Geschichten verbunden

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Review 1-6 of 6

6 Sep 2013

5/5

"COMODISSIMO"

Bellissimo appartamento appena fuori dal centro di Rom, ben collegato con la Metropolitana Colli Albani e con il Bus. Facilmente raggiungibile in auto, ti consente di poter visitare la splendita citt… More

5 Sep 2013

5/5

"RILASSEVOLE"

Nulla da eccepire. Proprietari meravigliosi, simpaticissimi e disponibilissimi. Pronti a consigliare come, dove, cosa vedere e se possibile a condividere alcune esperienze. Camere perfette e luminose.… More

29 Aug 2013

4/5

"Mi è piaciuto molto e ci tornerò"

Sono stata in questo affitta camere alla fine di luglio. Pulizia e cortesia sono il fiore all'occhiello. Per non parlare della posizione ottima xvisitare roma. Collegamenti con bus e metro a due … More

29 Aug 2013

4/5

"Nostress"

Passare questi giorni appena fuori dal centro storico ci ha permesso di ottimizzare le risorse per questa breve vacanza romana. Il luogo era perfettamente raggiungibile col metrò ColliAlbani e con il… More

5 Aug 2013

4/5

"Ci tornerò"

Sono stato in questa struttura lo scorso fine settimana su consiglio di un amico: è una casa accogliente e pulita, con un ampio spazio comune. La mia stanza era spaziosa e ben tenuta, il gestore gent… More

4 Aug 2013

4/5

"Ottima posizione e ospitalita'. Suggerimenti originali per scoprire Roma"

Si arriva in centro molto facilmente sia con la metro che con il bus, che noi abbiamo preferito.I proprietari sono molto cordiali e disponibili e ci hanno dato molte indicazioni e suggerimenti " … More

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