INDIPENDENT LUXURY VILLA+POOL
Villa | 2 bedrooms | sleeps 4
A VILLA JUST FOR YOU!
Independence and exclusivity are the main characteristics of the San Martino Luxury Home.
San Martino Luxury Home, is surrounded by a park of 20,000 sqm. It offers a pool, breathtaking sunsets and corners equipped for absolute relaxation. It 's the ideal place for a romantic getaway, a vacation, a weekend, a business trip and for all those who wish to take refuge in a place where privacy, luxury, comfort and tranquility reign supreme.
|Size||Sleeps up to 4, 2 bedrooms|
|Will consider||Long term lets (over 1 month), Short breaks (1-4 days)|
|Nearest travel links||Nearest airport: aeroporto Internazionale dell'Umbria – Perugi 15 km, Nearest railway: PERUGIA 12 km|
|Family friendly||Great for children of all ages|
|Notes||No pets allowed, No smoking at this property|
Features and Facilities
|General||Central heating, CD player, Table tennis, Satellite TV|
|Standard||Kettle, Toaster, Iron, Hair dryer|
|Utilities||Cooker, Microwave, Fridge, Freezer, Washing machine|
|Rooms||2 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms of which 2 Family bathrooms and 1 Shower rooms, Solarium or roof terrace|
|Furniture||Double beds (2), Dining seats for 6, Lounge seats for 6|
|Other||Linen provided, Towels provided, High chair|
|Outdoors||Private garden, Shared garden, BBQ|
The Umbria region
Umbria understood in its current administrative boundaries and creating a nineteenth-twentieth century . His appearance over the centuries was in fact quite different , each time bringing together places with very different histories and cultures and uneven between them. It is precisely because of this complexity that the historical and artistic heritage of the region is so extraordinarily varied and , at the same time , with no setbacks Etruscan-Roman antiquity to modern times.
The pre-Roman Umbria
Since its first appearance in history , Umbria presents " divided " into two territorial and cultural factors that represent the oldest historical fact of a " duality " which, over the centuries , will feature the formation of space and regional civilizations . To the west of the Tiber stretched in fact Etruscan lands , open to cultural and commercial relations with the Mediterranean area , the lands east of the river , more isolated , however, were the place of settlement of the Italic peoples , and in particular of the Umbrians .
The richness and the refined structure of the Etruscan civilization , which in Orvieto and Perugia had the cornerstones of a territorial domain is very broad , it is still noticeable in the numerous testimonies in situ : from the Etruscan necropolis of Orvieto to the numerous underground area of Perugia. In this city are also preserved sections of the massive walls and gates that opened on it - the so-called Arch of Augustus and the door Marzia - as well as the equally charming well Sorbello . The knowledge of this civilization can not be said to be exhausted without a visit to the National Archaeological Museum of Perugia and the museums of Orvieto ( Civic and " Claudio Faina " ) that retain extraordinary exhibits related to the area of influence of the two cities .
The city of the dead : necropolis Orvieto and Perugia underground .
The valley surrounding the tuff cliff on which stands Orvieto is dotted with remarkable archaeological sites, important for the study of Etruscan civilization . Among the most conspicuous is the Necropolis of the Crucifix of Tufo , dating from around the mid-sixth century BC, with developments up to the third formed by a series of chamber tombs burial lined up along streets and on the upper door bearing the name of the deceased . The geometric rigor of its disposal - a kind of " evocation " of the urban structure - is an outstanding example of a " master plan " of the Archaic period . Although many of the furnishings are scattered between the Louvre , the British Museum and other foreign collections , some of its valuable grave goods is still kept in the local museum Faina .
Equally striking are the numerous cemeteries of Perugia area , unfortunately not all be visited. In that Palazzone , a few kilometers from the city, is the well known underground Volumni , Etruscan tomb belonged to the family of Velimna . In the subterranean structure , which resembles that of a noble house Hellenistic , are preserved , among others, including numerous urns , an excellent , that of the householder Arunte Volumnio .
The Roman conquest
The Romans burst onto the scene after the victory of the Sentinum 295 BC on populations Etruscan and Umbrian . The civilization of Rome, with its cities , its extensive land reclamation and land division of the territory and its road layout deeply marks the landscape of the region giving rise to a constructive phase cultural and even more advanced .
Umbria is now crossed by one of the most famous consular roads , the Via Flaminia , along which there are numerous stationes destined in time to become major urban centers (eg Carsulae ) , and the good level reached by the economic and cultural territory is reflected in ' affirmation of flourishing urban centers and densely populated .
In addition to Perugia and Orvieto , Spoleto , Todi , Bevagna , Spello , Assisi , Gubbio , Terni, Narni Ocriculum and are among the most well-known and significant for the quality of the evidence that has been preserved and for the interest and the amount of assets brought to light. The determinants of the agrarian reform of the Roman age are reflected in the Umbrian towns , interventions equally radical reorganization planning.
Among the foremost symbols of the civilization of the Romans were the circles of walls , often built by adapting to the previous ones. This is the case of Spoleto , whose city walls in polygonal erected by the Umbrians was enhanced and restored several times after the election of the center of a Roman colony in 241 BC . Among the best preserved examples in Italy , however, are the walls of Spello, a mighty circle of the Augustan period on which rise towers and gates that have fully preserved their original appearance.
From the crushing late antiquity to the pre-Romanesque revival
The partition of the region is accentuated dramatically with the fall of the Roman Empire and the barbarian invasions and the resulting first and subsequent battles between Goths and Byzantines , and between them and the Lombards then . And it is once again the Tiber to distinguish the new political : the Byzantines and the Lombards to the right of the river to the left , respectively, at the head of distinct areas in the field of culture and art and of which the best known example are Byzantine Perugia and Spoleto , the capital of the Lombard Duchy . Unfortunately, little has been preserved of this phase, both in painting and in the minor arts , although the presence of rare but very valuable religious buildings , as well as secluded settlements , bears witness to a unifying spread of the new Christian religion and , indirectly, his nascent political role. From the eighth to ninth century , and forms very intense and capillaries in the following centuries , the reorganization of the Church spreads in urban centers and in rural churches and churches that become the fulcrum of new territorial organizations , together with the great cathedrals urban as documented by the cases of Narni , Spoleto and Assisi.
From the monastery abbey : the Nera Valley
Emblematic for the consistency and the cultural significance of the phenomenon is the case of the mountain spoletina . According to tradition, 300 Syrian monks emigrated from Antioch as a result of persecution took possession of the safe behind mountains of Spoleto ( Monteluco ) , and Val in Val Nerina Castoriana . Among them, the monks Spes , Eutizio and Fiorenzo , the founders of that system hermitages of the val Castoriana destined to become the cradle of the spiritual formation of St. Benedict . Centuries later it will be the Benedictine rule to classify these sites as the seat of Western monasticism and turn them into abbeys, real political and cultural cornerstones of a very wide territory. From the monasteries of the valley Castoriana will therefore form the powerful abbey of Sant'Eutizio , many times enlarged and embellished over the centuries , which was also home to a famous scriptorium and study center medical-surgical . Further south rose the Abbey of San Pietro in Valle , founded in 720 by Duke Faroaldo and decorated with a cycle of frescoes by number of scenes and complexity of system is undoubtedly one of the most important monuments of Romanesque painting in Italy.
Places of art from the Middle Ages and Renaissance
If the spread of Christianity from urban centers to rural development promoted religious building absolutely extraordinary that both quantitative consistency by capillary diffusion , is even more evident at the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth century , the rise of Roman civilization , which Assisi , Narni , Todi and Spoleto includes the most vital centers .
With the consolidation of the nascent municipal powers and the role increasingly evident of the mendicant orders , the Romanesque-Gothic culture finds a way to break into the urban scene : public buildings and convent churches characterize the Umbrian cities in what is absolutely recognizable and visibly reflect the new balances political and social issues of the city. From the middle of the fourteenth century , the restoration of papal rule had its most concrete manifestation in the building of a complex system of fortifications with their imposing stature still characterize towns like Spoleto , Narni , Assisi.
And if the bitter conflict between the papal power and individual local realities on the one hand resulted in wars and submissions , on the other hand offered space to the rising power of the aristocratic families Baglioni, Fortinbras , Trinci, Malatesta and Vitelli, often responsible for episodes of great generosity and urges adherence to the prevailing taste of the Italian courts .
The Romanesque in Spoleto
The flowering of Romanesque find traces of their greater density in the area of ??Spoleto, a town at the head of a vast diocese whose growing importance spurred intense activities of construction and decoration . Among the many examples , the remarkable sculptural decoration of the facade of St. Peter, St. Isaac cycles parietal and San Paolo inter Vineas , as well as those of the abbey of San Pietro in Valle . Will thus have to explain the presence in Spoleto , by the end of the twelfth century , the flourishing shops of crosses and painted reredos , whose most ancient and rare example is the cross dated 1187 Alberto Sotio in the cathedral town : a pictorial culture that goes throughout the next century and that can radiate well beyond the current regional boundaries .
Points of Francesco
Two years after the death of Francis of Assisi, on 3 October 1226, was laid the first stone of the new basilica dedicated to him . The site, intended to persist well into the thirteenth century saw the work some of the greatest painters of the time, from Cimabue to Giotto , Pietro Lorenzetti and Simone Martini. And it was mainly thanks to Giotto , unsurpassed interpreter of the human story of the saint, the new humanity of the Franciscan message found its most eloquent yield images , together with the invention of a distinct pictorial language inspired by the visible reality . There is no place in Umbria where the life of Francis and his movement has not left testimonies : from the figurative , of which abound in many churches of the region, to the places where they consumed the very existence of the saint. In addition to numerous hermitages , place of prayer , from the Carceri Assisi in Sacro Speco in Narni , the entire region is marked by the presence of Franciscan settlements , often founded by the same first disciples of Francis.
The architecture of the city between the sacred and the profane
The graft on the new Romanesque Gothic style located in Umbria two exceptional models : in the same Assisi basilica , architectural paradigm for the construction of similar buildings in the region, and , at the onset of the fourteenth century , in the cathedral of Orvieto with admirable facade by Lorenzo Maitani , inspired by models of Siena. But it is in the medieval square that Umbria municipal redraws the spaces of civil life with a wisdom unusual for the expressive power of planning and design skills. The physiognomy of the medieval town square is characterized by the presence of the symbols of political and religious power : the cathedral , the greatest manifestation of the domain of the sacred, and civil building , intended to represent the new representation of the municipal authorities . From the square of Perugia , overlooked by the cathedral with its unfinished façade and the massive Palazzo dei Priori , connected visually by the fountain decorated by sculptures of Nicola and Giovanni Pisano , to that of Todi so exceptionally smooth welcomes three palaces of the civil courts ( del Popolo, the Captain and the Priors ) along the spectacular cathedral and the adjoining bishop's palace , until you arrive at one of Gubbio, one of the most daring urban realizations of the Middle Ages , destined to house the Palace of the Consuls , placed in an emerging compared to the urban context and in relation with the " Platea Communis " which, a little higher up on the mountain, welcomes the cathedral.
The system of fortresses
Between the 50s and 70s of the fourteenth century , the escalation of disputes between the Papacy and the Umbrian municipalities fathered violent wars and finally caused the arrival of the papal legate in Umbria Albornoz .
For his work were erected in Assisi , Narni , Orvieto , Spello , Todi and other smaller towns under its jurisdiction imposing fortresses , wanted to defend the papal power against unruly citizenships . The realization of these structures, which still today many of these centers shall base significantly , they were often called prestigious architects : the case of Spoleto , where he was at work the Gattaponi Matteo Bologna , the same who designed the gigantic citadel in Perugia towered symbol the submission of the city to the papacy , but already razed to the ground in 1376 in what was one of the largest popular uprisings against hated power of Rome.
The promotion of the arts governments stately
Affirmation of the noble power bind numerous episodes of promoting the arts , in line with the need to celebrate the policy , to express the glory and the refined culture of the new lords . Of a strong familiarity with the taste for the international Gothic speak the decorations of the palace of the family Trinci Foligno : the cycles of frescoes depicting stories about the founding of Rome , the Liberal Arts and the Planets, the famous people of Roman history are the exaltation of the humanistic culture of which you are the power of the new lords .
A Montone , the birthplace of Arm Fortebracci , 1416 by Lord of Perugia and master of a domain for a short time came to include the Umbria , Marche and the principality of Capua , the generous patronage of the leader spoke in building a mighty fortress , later destroyed by Pope Sixtus IV in 1478, and the frescoes in the church of S. Francis, recently restored to museum.
From the Renaissance to the present: four centuries of culture
The appearance of Renaissance forms in the region is carried out according to different timetables , always in parallel with the political events of the many regional centers. Once again, Perugia and Orvieto are at the forefront of new ways to represent : in Perugia , the works of Domenico Veneziano, Fra Angelico , Piero della Francesca and Filippo Lippi are a consideration in the architecture and sculptures by Agostino Di Duccio ; Orvieto calls us to work with him Fra Angelico and Benozzo Gozzoli is then responsible for the spread of the new way in Montefalco . Nor should we forget the contribution made by Filippo Lippi, called to paint the apse of the cathedral of Spoleto , spreading a language bound to have profound consequences on the pictorial culture of southern Umbria up to the sixteenth century forwarded.
It is in this century that Perugia emerges again as a center able to coin an art of representation of supra-regional importance .
The great fresco cycles of the Renaissance
Umbria boasts some of the finest examples of Italian painting in fifteenth-sixteenth century , so that it would be really impossible to exhaust the list . In Montefalco, Benozzo Gozzoli celebrates the power of the Franciscan Order effigiando on the walls of the church of San Francesco Stories of the Saint ( 1452 ) . In Spoleto leave your last job Filippo Lippi , called to decorate the apse of the cathedral in 1467 with Life of the Virgin . In Orvieto , in the chapel of San Brizio in the cathedral , are at work Fra Angelico ( 1447-49 ) and Luca Signorelli ( 1499-1504 ), who is the realization of one of the most original interpretations of the theme of the Last Judgement . In Perugia Perugino is at work , the author along with his large workshop of numerous works , first of all , at the end of the century, that of the Collegio del Cambio , unsurpassed manifesto of humanistic culture and test of the young Raphael.
The luck of the style of Perugino , modeled at the highest level in the frescoes of the Exchange, will impinge upon generations of followers and imitators , by Pinturicchio in Giannicola of Paul, by Giovan Battista Caporali to Spain until the young Raphael .
In the orbit of the Papacy
II is also the sixteenth century that sees the definitive affirmation of papal power in Umbria and the final disappearance of any ambition for autonomy , most notably that of Perugia that after the war of 1540 is emblematic of Sale subject to the dominion of the Church with the construction of ' imposing Rocca Paolina.
From now on the artistic history of the region is also part of the larger story of the Papal States , which now comes to understand an area that reaches up from Rome to Ferrara.
Placed in the orbit of the City, Umbria fact it shares the ideals of art and custom and it is no coincidence that the largest companies in the field of art work to see a few local personalities and, conversely , many artists from outside the region . Worth , by the way , the examples of two of the most impressive sites in the second half of the sixteenth century : the building of the majestic Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli and the layout of the furnishings of the Cathedral of Orvieto .
This trend is also confirmed in the seventeenth century : among the many testimonies noble residences seventeenth and eighteenth centuries conquer overwhelmingly urban spaces invading degrees to the scene of the most balanced minute medieval architecture .
The art scene in the nineteenth and twentieth century
The last attempt to create an artistic culture of a regional nature lies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Perugia. Center for the dissemination of the prevailing taste and , at the same time , a place of training for new artists , the institute throughout the nineteenth century was the litmus test of contemporary artistic trends from Neoclassicism to history painting . But , faced with the pressing trends of the twentieth century , its role is not kept pace : from this moment on, the regional artistic history is entrusted to individual episodes and isolated personality, futurist Gerardo Doctors, to Orneore Metelli - considered among the more naive Italian - the sculptor Leoncillo , until you get to Alberto Burri, whose experiences of international scope are celebrated today in the two museums dedicated to him in Città di Castello .
The contemporary city
The Umbria region of the twentieth century opens with the most advanced European experience , particularly through the development of the industrial center of Terni. Call in the last century the " Italian Manchester " , the city must in fact its image to the numerous industrial enterprises that were planted and which has conditioned strongly the development and history. Terni became the symbol of dynamism and , at the same time , the difficult coexistence between old and new.
The need to redesign the urban , sparked in part by the appointment of Terni in the provincial capital in 1927 , it will give the strongest response after the devastating bombing of World War II , thanks to the work of reconstruction headed by Wolfgang Frankl and Mario Ridolfi : certainly the most organic episode of urban planning in the region.
In times closer to us , another example of the union between the wisdom of man and the environment is the business district of Fontivegge Perugia, a project by Aldo Rossi from the suggestions almost metaphysical
Inside the strong aesthetic component of those scenarios is contained the announcement of the great agrarian transformation fifteenth-sixteenth century which reclaimed valleys and hollows , making it fertile and neatly cultivated the suburbs in which many thousands of years of sedimentavano .
While the environmental changes that have accompanied the past five centuries the processes of agricultural modernization, these lands have retained the ability to make recognizable their roots.
The mosaic of cultivated fields, the silver of the olive trees, the rolling hillocks covered by the rows of vines , are landscapes where the signs of the ancient vocations were modeled and updated up to today's crop specializations .
The continuous development of programs for the promotion and protection of the environment and the quality of agricultural production makes use of advanced regional agrifood technologies, sometimes even to the biological protection of crops.
The flavors of the countryside
If food is the mirror of a civilization , the many faces of the region are well represented by the culinary specialties that abound in this region. Starting from the capital, the journey through the delicacies of Umbrian cuisine goes down , ie from sweet Perugia is indeed famous in the world for having created the product more "recent" of regional culinary art , the Bacio Perugina , invented in 1922 by using genius conventional processes . The Umbrian cuisine disdegnainfatti not daring combinations between cocoa and other ingredients , such as spaghetti or liquor in homemade preparations .
As a much older tradition , the use of the precious truffle white in the Tiber valley , in Orvieto, Gubbio and Gualdo - nell'Eugubino , black Norcia and Spoleto.
In the same Norcia , processing of pork has always been an art, so much so that their families of valiant " butchers " gave birth to the famous school of surgical Preci, renowned throughout Europe between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries .
Pork is , Umbria peasant , meat par excellence, next to which triumph pigeons, geese, ducks, sheep and lambs , and abundant game including the delicious palombacce . Tasty sausages to eat with unsalted bread you can taste everywhere , while the Nera Valley holds the record of a cured ham still prepared by hand .
In the mountains of Nursino chicory and sausages are cooked with lentils from Castelluccio , the most valuable of Italy, so as not to keep having to be put to soak before cooking and cultivated without the use of any pesticide.
Typical products of Colfiorito are red potatoes , ideal for gnocchi and the now rare or cicerchie cecere : a legume " poor" , sul Trasimeno , was once cooked with pork rind .
Necessary to go back to many millennia ago to find the origins of spelled, prepared soup with the ham bone around Umbria : special quality is that of Monteleone di Spoleto , grown using strictly organic methods and traditionally cooked beans but not in shattered with a special stone mill .
Imagination in the kitchen
In southern Umbria , creativity in the kitchen is also declined in many ways to prepare fresh pasta : in Terni , specialties are sweet dumplings with nuts and chocolate sauce , a dish that cheered the eve of Christmas to Spoleto.
As for the rustic " spaghetti " made ??by hand and spread throughout the region with a variety of tasty toppings , it will be good to know that they are called in Terni ciriole , bigoli in Gubbio , in Lisciano Niccone bringoli , umbricelli in Perugia and Orvieto , Todi Strozzapreti , in Basque and Otricoli manfricoli ; when they are thinner , as in Spoleto and Terni, are then called strengozzi or strangozzi because like shoe strings .
Traditional accompaniment on every table umbra , it is said even by the time of the Etruscans , is the cake " on the text ," a cake made ??with countless variations throughout the region but always cooked on a disc, in the past made ??with river gravel cooked in kilns and today mostly iron.
Wine blood of the earth
So Galileo defined the delicious drink that is the pride of the Umbrian agricultural production , taking advantage of the deep and ancient roots of the wine into a land of civilization : how well illustrates the extraordinary Museo del Vino Torgiano .
" Who invented the wine if it is not in heaven , he was close ," says popular wisdom instead through a proverb Perugia.
The Umbrian wines , famous throughout the world and celebrated ancient times, have 11 Appellations of Controlled Origin : Orvieto , produced by the Etruscans who brewed in the caves of tufa ; Torgiano Rosso Riserva from aging which boasts the Protected Designation of Origin controlled and Guaranteed Origin (DOCG ), Montefalco , with the prized Sagrantino Secco and Raisin , described by Pliny the Elder and today declared DOCG Colli Altotiberini and Amerini Hills , both of ancient tradition ; Assisi, with a production area extended into the territories Perugia and Spello ; Colli Martani Grechetto with fine fruity ; Colli Perugini produced from the vineyards planted on the right side of the Tiber ; Colli del Trasimeno , Lake Corby and Orvieto Rosso.
The quality of these wines is the result of a millennial culture know that agriculture has been able to adapt to different environmental conditions , but also the result of the important innovations that affected the Umbrian wine specialist past half century.
An oil copyright
As many as 90 % of Umbrian oil is extra virgin quality , obtained by simple pressing of the olives grown by the time of the Etruscans on the sun-drenched hills : clay and limestone soils and climatic conditions allow for the slow ripening of fruits with between ' another of a rate of very low acidity .
Today, the extra virgin olive oil can boast of Protected Designation of Origin , PDO "Umbria" , which consists of five divisions: Assisi- Spoleto Hills, Martan , Amerini Hills , and Colli Colli del Trasimeno Orvieto .
At Trevi , home of the National Association of Oil City , the National Museum of Civilization tells the Olive , in the evocative atmosphere of the museum complex of medieval S. Francis, material and symbolic aspects of this ancient cultivation.
Close to the Cathedral of Perugia , for centuries they were selling goods, probably in Roman times , as they would assume archaeological remains underground . Today, in the downtown streets what you sell renews and perpetuates a centuries-old tradition is strongly evocative of the roots craft Umbria. Ceramics, pottery, weaving, embroidery , wrought iron , wood and restoration are not only categories of a manufacturing sector that has continued to contribute significantly to the regional economy , but also , and above all , as many variations of expressions d ' art that have built up over time , along with the architectural , monumental and ornamental , artistic and material civilization of the people of Umbria.
To understand this extraordinary universe then can be manually browse in the shops of cities and towns , but also get into thematic museums set up in the major production centers "historical" craft Umbria.
The art of ceramics
The ceramic tells the daily life of the people, the evolution of techniques and changes in the decorative taste , to translate into a production art created to supply the men of everyday objects .
In Umbria , the art thousands of years to shape the clay had a great flowering in many centers ( Deruta , Perugia , Gubbio , Gualdo Tadino , Orvieto , Città di Castello , Umbertide ) and find continuity
in a craft that continues to research, document and preserve its original features to enhance the quality and local specificity of contemporary production .
In the Middle Ages , Gubbio center is renowned for the elegance of earthenware decorated shops in the city : in the sixteenth century excels that of master Giorgio Andreoli , with the invention of the " reverb " (whose formula has not yet been fully rediscovered ) , brought the ' Gubbio ceramics at very high levels .
The copious production of today's factories in Deruta search the threads of memory of an art that began with the precious pottery archaic medieval and Renaissance affirmed in the technique of luster , which gives objects iridescent , golden and reddish . Contributed to the success of the production Deruta also the application of the so-called decorative style " Perugia in 1500 ," inspired by the frescoes of Perugino. A prime example is then the long history of ceramics in Orvieto , which from the Etruscan to the Middle Ages and the " revival" twentieth century shows a large force of tradition , almost an invisible umbilical cord agganciasse to the belly of their origins , ie the tuff and at that ' clay on which the city is founded .
In the contemporary production , the artisan is able to remember and continually update ancient techniques and styles .
The fabrics of the memory
The eye of the attentive observer can recognize , depicted in some thirteenth-century paintings in the museums and churches of Umbria, the celebrated " tablecloth Perugia ," woven from the Middle Ages to " bird's eye " in white linen with blue bands , sometimes with geometric decorations or figurative motifs .
This production is still vital, where you can admire the ancient and precious prototypes at the National Gallery of Umbria in Perugia , is among the most renowned of a handicraft industry which also boasts a thriving tradition in embroidery and lace .
The manual weaving , particularly in Perugia and Città di Castello , the tablecloths and lace of Orvieto, Assisi embroidery (which gave its name to a point renaissance double- cross) , the " Irish Lace " ( a crochet introduced in 1904 by Elena Guglielmi and become typical of the Trasimeno) are the best expressions .
The shapes of wood and iron batturo
The manufacture in the countryside of everyday objects and art of carving cultured , which admirably expressed the Renaissance and Baroque Umbrian the decorations of wooden churches and palaces, are the two ways in which it is applied in this ancient Umbria and vital production . Today, wood crafts looks to tradition in the specializations of the restoration and furniture, while it is focused on the future evolution towards vibrant industrial forms . These different modes of practicing the ancient craft of carpentry find themselves a little ' everywhere, and in particular in Città di Castello , Todi , Assisi and Perugia, Orvieto while you work the wood with original modernity. Even the wrought iron is a craft specialization typical of civilization, as well illustrates the Documentation Centre of Popular Traditions of Garavelle at Città di Castello.
Considering the major production centers , including Assisi and Citta della Pieve , Gubbio excels in the manufacture of weapons that reproduce antique models , Norcia was known already in the sixteenth century for the production of surgical instruments , Villamagina specializes in files and rasps , while Magione distinguished by the embossing of copper.
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